Use Case - Responding To User Input in QML

Supported types of user input

The Qt Quick module provides support for the most common types of user input, including mouse and touch events, text input, and key-press events. Other modules provide support for other types of user input.

This article covers how to handle basic user input. For information about audio-visual input, see the Qt Multimedia documentation.

Mouse and touch events

The input handlers let QML applications handle mouse and touch events. For example, you could create a button by adding a TapHandler to an Image, or to a Rectangle with a Text object inside. The TapHandler responds to taps or clicks on any type of pointing device.

import QtQuick

Item {
    id: root

    width: 320
    height: 480

    Rectangle {
        color: "#272822"
        width: 320
        height: 480
    }

    Rectangle {
        id: rectangle
        x: 40
        y: 20
        width: 120
        height: 120
        color: "red"

        TapHandler {
            onTapped: rectangle.width += 10
        }
    }
}

Note: Some Item types have their own built-in input handling. For example, Flickable responds to mouse dragging, touch flicking, and mouse wheel scrolling.

Keyboard and button events

Button and key presses, from buttons on a device, a keypad, or a keyboard, can all be handled using the Keys attached property. This attached property is available on all Item derived types, and works with the Item::focus property to determine which type receives the key event. For simple key handling, you can set the focus to true on a single Item and do all your key handling there.

import QtQuick

Item {
    id: root

    width: 320
    height: 480

    Rectangle {
        color: "#272822"
        width: 320
        height: 480
    }

    Rectangle {
        id: rectangle
        x: 40
        y: 20
        width: 120
        height: 120
        color: "red"

        focus: true
        Keys.onUpPressed: rectangle.y -= 10
        Keys.onDownPressed: rectangle.y += 10
        Keys.onLeftPressed: rectangle.x += 10
        Keys.onRightPressed: rectangle.x -= 10
    }
}

For text input, we have several QML types to choose from. TextInput provides an unstyled single-line editable text, while TextField is more suitable for form fields in applications. TextEdit can handle multi-line editable text, but TextArea is a better alternative as it adds styling.

The following snippet demonstrates how to use these types in your application:

import QtQuick
import QtQuick.Controls
import QtQuick.Layouts

ApplicationWindow {
    width: 300
    height: 200
    visible: true

    ColumnLayout {
        anchors.fill: parent
        TextField {
            id: singleline
            text: "Initial Text"
            Layout.alignment: Qt.AlignHCenter | Qt.AlignTop
            Layout.margins: 5
            background: Rectangle {
               implicitWidth: 200
               implicitHeight: 40
               border.color: singleline.focus ? "#21be2b" : "lightgray"
               color: singleline.focus ? "lightgray" : "transparent"
            }
        }

        TextArea {
            id: multiline
            placeholderText: "Initial text\n...\n...\n"
            Layout.alignment: Qt.AlignLeft
            Layout.fillWidth: true
            Layout.fillHeight: true
            Layout.margins: 5
            background: Rectangle {
               implicitWidth: 200
               implicitHeight: 100
               border.color: multiline.focus ? "#21be2b" : "lightgray"
               color: multiline.focus ? "lightgray" : "transparent"
            }
        }
    }
}

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