Distributing Your Application to Other Systems/Platforms#
After developing a couple of applications, you might want to distribute them to other users. In case you do not have much experience with Python packages, you might have even asked: How do I create a Python executable?.
If you come from compiled programming languages, deployment is something almost trivial, but for Python is a bit difficult.
The deployment process for Python applications is called, “freezing”, which is distributing your virtual environment content to other users.
As Python does not support WebAssembly and mobile platforms, such as Android and iOS, you cannot deploy applications to these platforms directly, and you require advanced processes to do so.
For embedded systems, you currently need to build Qt for Python for your target platform, and deploy the installation alongside your application.
A common approach is to only provide a
requirements.txt file, where you
state your dependencies. Users would need to install them from there
to run your Application.
For example, imagine I have a project with two dependencies,
module_b, which I use in my
main.py file. So my structure is:
# Content of the main.py file
from module_a import something
requirements.txt for my application would look like this:
Later, when a user want to execute your
main.py, the dependencies
must be installed using pip install -r requirements.txt
in a new virtual environment.
You can notice that this approach includes sharing your code so it fails if you want to hide the code of your application.
Freezing Your Application#
This is the most common approach for users to distribute their applications and even though the code is still available for the end user, it is a bit more difficult to retrieve it.
You can find a series of tutorials based on the most popular tools that allow Python users to freeze and distribute applications in our Deployment section.
Even though Python does not natively support to be compiled, there are complementary tools that let you to achieve this. You can check the Nuitka project to learn more.