Editable Tree Model Example

A Python application that demonstrates the analogous example in C++ Editable Tree Model Example

editabletreemodel screenshot
import sys
from PySide6.QtWidgets import QApplication
from mainwindow import MainWindow

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = QApplication(sys.argv)
    window = MainWindow()
import sys
from pathlib import Path

from PySide6.QtCore import (QAbstractItemModel, QItemSelectionModel,
                            QModelIndex, Qt, Slot)
from PySide6.QtWidgets import (QAbstractItemView, QMainWindow, QTreeView,
from PySide6.QtTest import QAbstractItemModelTester

from treemodel import TreeModel

class MainWindow(QMainWindow):
    def __init__(self, parent: QWidget = None):
        self.resize(573, 468)

        self.view = QTreeView()

        menubar = self.menuBar()
        file_menu = menubar.addMenu("&File")
        self.exit_action = file_menu.addAction("E&xit")

        actions_menu = menubar.addMenu("&Actions")
        self.insert_row_action = actions_menu.addAction("Insert Row")
        self.insert_row_action.setShortcut("Ctrl+I, R")
        self.insert_column_action = actions_menu.addAction("Insert Column")
        self.insert_column_action.setShortcut("Ctrl+I, C")
        self.remove_row_action = actions_menu.addAction("Remove Row")
        self.remove_row_action.setShortcut("Ctrl+R, R")
        self.remove_column_action = actions_menu.addAction("Remove Column")
        self.remove_column_action.setShortcut("Ctrl+R, C")
        self.insert_child_action = actions_menu.addAction("Insert Child")
        help_menu = menubar.addMenu("&Help")
        about_qt_action = help_menu.addAction("About Qt", qApp.aboutQt)

        self.setWindowTitle("Editable Tree Model")

        headers = ["Title", "Description"]

        file = Path(__file__).parent / "default.txt"
        self.model = TreeModel(headers, file.read_text(), self)

        if "-t" in sys.argv:
            QAbstractItemModelTester(self.model, self)

        for column in range(self.model.columnCount()):

        selection_model = self.view.selectionModel()


    def insert_child(self) -> None:
        selection_model = self.view.selectionModel()
        index: QModelIndex = selection_model.currentIndex()
        model: QAbstractItemModel = self.view.model()

        if model.columnCount(index) == 0:
            if not model.insertColumn(0, index):

        if not model.insertRow(0, index):

        for column in range(model.columnCount(index)):
            child: QModelIndex = model.index(0, column, index)
            model.setData(child, "[No data]", Qt.EditRole)
            if not model.headerData(column, Qt.Horizontal):
                model.setHeaderData(column, Qt.Horizontal, "[No header]",

            model.index(0, 0, index), QItemSelectionModel.ClearAndSelect

    def insert_column(self) -> None:
        model: QAbstractItemModel = self.view.model()
        column: int = self.view.selectionModel().currentIndex().column()

        changed: bool = model.insertColumn(column + 1)
        if changed:
            model.setHeaderData(column + 1, Qt.Horizontal, "[No header]",


    def insert_row(self) -> None:
        index: QModelIndex = self.view.selectionModel().currentIndex()
        model: QAbstractItemModel = self.view.model()
        parent: QModelIndex = index.parent()

        if not model.insertRow(index.row() + 1, parent):


        for column in range(model.columnCount(parent)):
            child: QModelIndex = model.index(index.row() + 1, column, parent)
            model.setData(child, "[No data]", Qt.EditRole)

    def remove_column(self) -> None:
        model: QAbstractItemModel = self.view.model()
        column: int = self.view.selectionModel().currentIndex().column()

        if model.removeColumn(column):

    def remove_row(self) -> None:
        index: QModelIndex = self.view.selectionModel().currentIndex()
        model: QAbstractItemModel = self.view.model()

        if model.removeRow(index.row(), index.parent()):

    def update_actions(self) -> None:
        selection_model = self.view.selectionModel()
        has_selection: bool = not selection_model.selection().isEmpty()

        current_index = selection_model.currentIndex()
        has_current: bool = current_index.isValid()

        if has_current:
            msg = f"Position: ({current_index.row()},{current_index.column()})"
            if not current_index.parent().isValid():
                msg += " in top level"
class TreeItem:
    def __init__(self, data: list, parent: 'TreeItem' = None):
        self.item_data = data
        self.parent_item = parent
        self.child_items = []

    def child(self, number: int) -> 'TreeItem':
        if number < 0 or number >= len(self.child_items):
            return None
        return self.child_items[number]

    def last_child(self):
        return self.child_items[-1] if self.child_items else None

    def child_count(self) -> int:
        return len(self.child_items)

    def child_number(self) -> int:
        if self.parent_item:
            return self.parent_item.child_items.index(self)
        return 0

    def column_count(self) -> int:
        return len(self.item_data)

    def data(self, column: int):
        if column < 0 or column >= len(self.item_data):
            return None
        return self.item_data[column]

    def insert_children(self, position: int, count: int, columns: int) -> bool:
        if position < 0 or position > len(self.child_items):
            return False

        for row in range(count):
            data = [None] * columns
            item = TreeItem(data.copy(), self)
            self.child_items.insert(position, item)

        return True

    def insert_columns(self, position: int, columns: int) -> bool:
        if position < 0 or position > len(self.item_data):
            return False

        for column in range(columns):
            self.item_data.insert(position, None)

        for child in self.child_items:
            child.insert_columns(position, columns)

        return True

    def parent(self):
        return self.parent_item

    def remove_children(self, position: int, count: int) -> bool:
        if position < 0 or position + count > len(self.child_items):
            return False

        for row in range(count):

        return True

    def remove_columns(self, position: int, columns: int) -> bool:
        if position < 0 or position + columns > len(self.item_data):
            return False

        for column in range(columns):

        for child in self.child_items:
            child.remove_columns(position, columns)

        return True

    def set_data(self, column: int, value):
        if column < 0 or column >= len(self.item_data):
            return False

        self.item_data[column] = value
        return True

    def __repr__(self) -> str:
        result = f"<treeitem.TreeItem at 0x{id(self):x}"
        for d in self.item_data:
            result += f' "{d}"' if d else " <None>"
        result += f", {len(self.child_items)} children>"
        return result
from PySide6.QtCore import QModelIndex, Qt, QAbstractItemModel, Signal
from treeitem import TreeItem

class TreeModel(QAbstractItemModel):
    # Define signals
    dataChanged = Signal(QModelIndex, QModelIndex, object)
    headerDataChanged = Signal(Qt.Orientation, int, int)

    def __init__(self, headers: list, data: str, parent=None):

        self.root_data = headers
        self.root_item = TreeItem(self.root_data.copy())
        self.setup_model_data(data.split("\n"), self.root_item)

    def columnCount(self, parent: QModelIndex = None) -> int:
        return self.root_item.column_count()

    def data(self, index: QModelIndex, role: int = None):
        if not index.isValid():
            return None

        if role != Qt.DisplayRole and role != Qt.EditRole:
            return None

        item: TreeItem = self.get_item(index)

        return item.data(index.column())

    def flags(self, index: QModelIndex) -> Qt.ItemFlags:
        if not index.isValid():
            return Qt.NoItemFlags

        return Qt.ItemIsEditable | QAbstractItemModel.flags(self, index)

    def get_item(self, index: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> TreeItem:
        if index.isValid():
            item: TreeItem = index.internalPointer()
            if item:
                return item

        return self.root_item

    def headerData(self, section: int, orientation: Qt.Orientation,
                   role: int = Qt.DisplayRole):
        if orientation == Qt.Horizontal and role == Qt.DisplayRole:
            return self.root_item.data(section)

        return None

    def index(self, row: int, column: int, parent: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> QModelIndex:
        if parent.isValid() and parent.column() != 0:
            return QModelIndex()

        parent_item: TreeItem = self.get_item(parent)
        if not parent_item:
            return QModelIndex()

        child_item: TreeItem = parent_item.child(row)
        if child_item:
            return self.createIndex(row, column, child_item)
        return QModelIndex()

    def insertColumns(self, position: int, columns: int,
                      parent: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> bool:
        self.beginInsertColumns(parent, position, position + columns - 1)
        success: bool = self.root_item.insert_columns(position, columns)

        return success

    def insertRows(self, position: int, rows: int,
                   parent: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> bool:
        parent_item: TreeItem = self.get_item(parent)
        if not parent_item:
            return False

        self.beginInsertRows(parent, position, position + rows - 1)
        column_count = self.root_item.column_count()
        success: bool = parent_item.insert_children(position, rows, column_count)

        return success

    def parent(self, index: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> QModelIndex:
        if not index.isValid():
            return QModelIndex()

        child_item: TreeItem = self.get_item(index)
        if child_item:
            parent_item: TreeItem = child_item.parent()
            parent_item = None

        if parent_item == self.root_item or not parent_item:
            return QModelIndex()

        return self.createIndex(parent_item.child_number(), 0, parent_item)

    def removeColumns(self, position: int, columns: int,
                      parent: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> bool:
        self.beginRemoveColumns(parent, position, position + columns - 1)
        success: bool = self.root_item.remove_columns(position, columns)

        if self.root_item.column_count() == 0:
            self.removeRows(0, self.rowCount())

        return success

    def removeRows(self, position: int, rows: int,
                   parent: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> bool:
        parent_item: TreeItem = self.get_item(parent)
        if not parent_item:
            return False

        self.beginRemoveRows(parent, position, position + rows - 1)
        success: bool = parent_item.remove_children(position, rows)

        return success

    def rowCount(self, parent: QModelIndex = QModelIndex()) -> int:
        if parent.isValid() and parent.column() > 0:
            return 0

        parent_item: TreeItem = self.get_item(parent)
        if not parent_item:
            return 0
        return parent_item.child_count()

    def setData(self, index: QModelIndex, value, role: int) -> bool:
        if role != Qt.EditRole:
            return False

        item: TreeItem = self.get_item(index)
        result: bool = item.set_data(index.column(), value)

        if result:
            self.dataChanged.emit(index, index, [Qt.DisplayRole, Qt.EditRole])

        return result

    def setHeaderData(self, section: int, orientation: Qt.Orientation, value,
                      role: int = None) -> bool:
        if role != Qt.EditRole or orientation != Qt.Horizontal:
            return False

        result: bool = self.root_item.set_data(section, value)

        if result:
            # todo: Check if emit headerDataChanged signal is correct
            # emit headerDataChanged(orientation, section, section)
            self.headerDataChanged(orientation, section, section)

        return result

    def setup_model_data(self, lines: list, parent: TreeItem):
        parents = [parent]
        indentations = [0]

        for line in lines:
            line = line.rstrip()
            if line and "\t" in line:

                position = 0
                while position < len(line):
                    if line[position] != " ":
                    position += 1

                column_data = line[position:].split("\t")
                column_data = [string for string in column_data if string]

                if position > indentations[-1]:
                    if parents[-1].child_count() > 0:
                    while position < indentations[-1] and parents:

                parent: TreeItem = parents[-1]
                col_count = self.root_item.column_count()
                parent.insert_children(parent.child_count(), 1, col_count)

                for column in range(len(column_data)):
                    child = parent.last_child()
                    child.set_data(column, column_data[column])

    def _repr_recursion(self, item: TreeItem, indent: int = 0) -> str:
        result = " " * indent + repr(item) + "\n"
        for child in item.child_items:
            result += self._repr_recursion(child, indent + 2)
        return result

    def __repr__(self) -> str:
        return self._repr_recursion(self.root_item)
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