Your First QtQuick/QML Application

QML is a declarative language that lets you develop applications faster than with traditional languages. It is ideal for designing the UI of your application because of its declarative nature. In QML, a user interface is specified as a tree of objects with properties. In this tutorial, we will show how to make a simple “Hello World” application with PySide6 and QML.

A PySide6/QML application consists, at least, of two different files - a file with the QML description of the user interface, and a python file that loads the QML file. To make things easier, let’s save both files in the same directory.

Here is a simple QML file called view.qml:

import QtQuick 2.0

Rectangle {
    width: 200
    height: 200
    color: "green"

    Text {
        text: "Hello World"
        anchors.centerIn: parent
    }
}

We start by importing QtQuick 2.0, which is a QML module.

The rest of the QML code is pretty straightforward for those who have previously used HTML or XML files. Basically, we are creating a green rectangle with the size 200*200, and adding a Text element that reads “Hello World”. The code anchors.centerIn: parent makes the text appear centered in relation to its immediate parent, which is the Rectangle in this case.

Now, let’s see how the code looks on the PySide6. Let’s call it main.py:

from PySide6.QtWidgets import QApplication
from PySide6.QtQuick import QQuickView
from PySide6.QtCore import QUrl

app = QApplication([])
view = QQuickView()
url = QUrl("view.qml")

view.setSource(url)
view.show()
app.exec()

If you are already familiar with PySide6 and have followed our tutorials, you have already seen much of this code. The only novelties are that you must import QtQuick and set the source of the QQuickView object to the URL of your QML file. Then, as any Qt widget, you call QQuickView.show().

Note

If you are programming for desktop, you should consider adding view.setResizeMode(QQuickView.SizeRootObjectToView) before showing the view.