QRegularExpressionMatch Class

The QRegularExpressionMatch class provides the results of a matching a QRegularExpression against a string. More...

Header: #include <QRegularExpressionMatch>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 COMPONENTS Core REQUIRED)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::Core)
qmake: QT += core
Since: Qt 5.0

Note: All functions in this class are reentrant.

Public Functions

QRegularExpressionMatch(const QRegularExpressionMatch &match)
QRegularExpressionMatch()
QRegularExpressionMatch &operator=(QRegularExpressionMatch &&match)
QRegularExpressionMatch &operator=(const QRegularExpressionMatch &match)
~QRegularExpressionMatch()
QString captured(int nth = 0) const
QString captured(const QString &name) const
QString captured(QStringView name) const
qsizetype capturedEnd(int nth = 0) const
qsizetype capturedEnd(const QString &name) const
qsizetype capturedEnd(QStringView name) const
qsizetype capturedLength(int nth = 0) const
qsizetype capturedLength(const QString &name) const
qsizetype capturedLength(QStringView name) const
qsizetype capturedStart(int nth = 0) const
qsizetype capturedStart(const QString &name) const
qsizetype capturedStart(QStringView name) const
QStringList capturedTexts() const
QStringView capturedView(int nth = 0) const
QStringView capturedView(QStringView name) const
bool hasMatch() const
bool hasPartialMatch() const
bool isValid() const
int lastCapturedIndex() const
QRegularExpression::MatchOptions matchOptions() const
QRegularExpression::MatchType matchType() const
QRegularExpression regularExpression() const
void swap(QRegularExpressionMatch &other)

Detailed Description

A QRegularExpressionMatch object can be obtained by calling the QRegularExpression::match() function, or as a single result of a global match from a QRegularExpressionMatchIterator.

The success or the failure of a match attempt can be inspected by calling the hasMatch() function. QRegularExpressionMatch also reports a successful partial match through the hasPartialMatch() function.

In addition, QRegularExpressionMatch returns the substrings captured by the capturing groups in the pattern string. The implicit capturing group with index 0 captures the result of the whole match. The captured() function returns each substring captured, either by the capturing group's index or by its name:

QRegularExpression re("(\\d\\d) (?<name>\\w+)");
QRegularExpressionMatch match = re.match("23 Jordan");
if (match.hasMatch()) {
    QString number = match.captured(1); // first == "23"
    QString name = match.captured("name"); // name == "Jordan"
}

For each captured substring it is possible to query its starting and ending offsets in the subject string by calling the capturedStart() and the capturedEnd() function, respectively. The length of each captured substring is available using the capturedLength() function.

The convenience function capturedTexts() will return all the captured substrings at once (including the substring matched by the entire pattern) in the order they have been captured by capturing groups; that is, captured(i) == capturedTexts().at(i).

You can retrieve the QRegularExpression object the subject string was matched against by calling the regularExpression() function; the match type and the match options are available as well by calling the matchType() and the matchOptions() respectively.

Please refer to the QRegularExpression documentation for more information about the Qt regular expression classes.

See also QRegularExpression.

Member Function Documentation

QRegularExpressionMatch::QRegularExpressionMatch(const QRegularExpressionMatch &match)

Constructs a match result by copying the result of the given match.

See also operator=().

[since 5.1] QRegularExpressionMatch::QRegularExpressionMatch()

Constructs a valid, empty QRegularExpressionMatch object. The regular expression is set to a default-constructed one; the match type to QRegularExpression::NoMatch and the match options to QRegularExpression::NoMatchOption.

The object will report no match through the hasMatch() and the hasPartialMatch() member functions.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.1.

QRegularExpressionMatch &QRegularExpressionMatch::operator=(QRegularExpressionMatch &&match)

Move-assigns the match result match to this object, and returns a reference to the copy.

QRegularExpressionMatch &QRegularExpressionMatch::operator=(const QRegularExpressionMatch &match)

Assigns the match result match to this object, and returns a reference to the copy.

QRegularExpressionMatch::~QRegularExpressionMatch()

Destroys the match result.

QString QRegularExpressionMatch::captured(int nth = 0) const

Returns the substring captured by the nth capturing group.

If the nth capturing group did not capture a string, or if there is no such capturing group, returns a null QString.

Note: The implicit capturing group number 0 captures the substring matched by the entire pattern.

See also capturedView(), lastCapturedIndex(), capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and QString::isNull().

QString QRegularExpressionMatch::captured(const QString &name) const

Returns the substring captured by the capturing group named name.

If the named capturing group name did not capture a string, or if there is no capturing group named name, returns a null QString.

See also capturedView(), capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and QString::isNull().

[since 5.10] QString QRegularExpressionMatch::captured(QStringView name) const

Returns the substring captured by the capturing group named name.

If the named capturing group name did not capture a string, or if there is no capturing group named name, returns a null QString.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.10.

See also capturedView(), capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and QString::isNull().

qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedEnd(int nth = 0) const

Returns the offset inside the subject string immediately after the ending position of the substring captured by the nth capturing group. If the nth capturing group did not capture a string or doesn't exist, returns -1.

See also capturedStart(), capturedLength(), and captured().

qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedEnd(const QString &name) const

Returns the offset inside the subject string immediately after the ending position of the substring captured by the capturing group named name. If the capturing group named name did not capture a string or doesn't exist, returns -1.

See also capturedStart(), capturedLength(), and captured().

[since 5.10] qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedEnd(QStringView name) const

Returns the offset inside the subject string immediately after the ending position of the substring captured by the capturing group named name. If the capturing group named name did not capture a string or doesn't exist, returns -1.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.10.

See also capturedStart(), capturedLength(), and captured().

qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedLength(int nth = 0) const

Returns the length of the substring captured by the nth capturing group.

Note: This function returns 0 if the nth capturing group did not capture a string or doesn't exist.

See also capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), and captured().

qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedLength(const QString &name) const

Returns the length of the substring captured by the capturing group named name.

Note: This function returns 0 if the capturing group named name did not capture a string or doesn't exist.

See also capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), and captured().

[since 5.10] qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedLength(QStringView name) const

Returns the length of the substring captured by the capturing group named name.

Note: This function returns 0 if the capturing group named name did not capture a string or doesn't exist.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.10.

See also capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), and captured().

qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedStart(int nth = 0) const

Returns the offset inside the subject string corresponding to the starting position of the substring captured by the nth capturing group. If the nth capturing group did not capture a string or doesn't exist, returns -1.

See also capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and captured().

qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedStart(const QString &name) const

Returns the offset inside the subject string corresponding to the starting position of the substring captured by the capturing group named name. If the capturing group named name did not capture a string or doesn't exist, returns -1.

See also capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and captured().

[since 5.10] qsizetype QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedStart(QStringView name) const

Returns the offset inside the subject string corresponding to the starting position of the substring captured by the capturing group named name. If the capturing group named name did not capture a string or doesn't exist, returns -1.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.10.

See also capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and captured().

QStringList QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedTexts() const

Returns a list of all strings captured by capturing groups, in the order the groups themselves appear in the pattern string. The list includes the implicit capturing group number 0, capturing the substring matched by the entire pattern.

[since 5.10] QStringView QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedView(int nth = 0) const

Returns a view of the substring captured by the nth capturing group.

If the nth capturing group did not capture a string, or if there is no such capturing group, returns a null QStringView.

Note: The implicit capturing group number 0 captures the substring matched by the entire pattern.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.10.

See also captured(), lastCapturedIndex(), capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and QStringView::isNull().

[since 5.10] QStringView QRegularExpressionMatch::capturedView(QStringView name) const

Returns a view of the string captured by the capturing group named name.

If the named capturing group name did not capture a string, or if there is no capturing group named name, returns a null QStringView.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.10.

See also captured(), capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), capturedLength(), and QStringView::isNull().

bool QRegularExpressionMatch::hasMatch() const

Returns true if the regular expression matched against the subject string, or false otherwise.

See also QRegularExpression::match() and hasPartialMatch().

bool QRegularExpressionMatch::hasPartialMatch() const

Returns true if the regular expression partially matched against the subject string, or false otherwise.

Note: Only a match that explicitly used the one of the partial match types can yield a partial match. Still, if such a match succeeds totally, this function will return false, while hasMatch() will return true.

See also QRegularExpression::match(), QRegularExpression::MatchType, and hasMatch().

bool QRegularExpressionMatch::isValid() const

Returns true if the match object was obtained as a result from the QRegularExpression::match() function invoked on a valid QRegularExpression object; returns false if the QRegularExpression was invalid.

See also QRegularExpression::match() and QRegularExpression::isValid().

int QRegularExpressionMatch::lastCapturedIndex() const

Returns the index of the last capturing group that captured something, including the implicit capturing group 0. This can be used to extract all the substrings that were captured:

QRegularExpressionMatch match = re.match(string);
for (int i = 0; i <= match.lastCapturedIndex(); ++i) {
    QString captured = match.captured(i);
    // ...
}

Note that some of the capturing groups with an index less than lastCapturedIndex() could have not matched, and therefore captured nothing.

If the regular expression did not match, this function returns -1.

See also captured(), capturedStart(), capturedEnd(), and capturedLength().

QRegularExpression::MatchOptions QRegularExpressionMatch::matchOptions() const

Returns the match options that were used to get this QRegularExpressionMatch object, that is, the match options that were passed to QRegularExpression::match() or QRegularExpression::globalMatch().

See also QRegularExpression::match(), regularExpression(), and matchType().

QRegularExpression::MatchType QRegularExpressionMatch::matchType() const

Returns the match type that was used to get this QRegularExpressionMatch object, that is, the match type that was passed to QRegularExpression::match() or QRegularExpression::globalMatch().

See also QRegularExpression::match(), regularExpression(), and matchOptions().

QRegularExpression QRegularExpressionMatch::regularExpression() const

Returns the QRegularExpression object whose match() function returned this object.

See also QRegularExpression::match(), matchType(), and matchOptions().

void QRegularExpressionMatch::swap(QRegularExpressionMatch &other)

Swaps the match result other with this match result. This operation is very fast and never fails.

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