QRawFont

The QRawFont class provides access to a single physical instance of a font. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

Synopsis

Functions

Static functions

  • def fromFont (font[, writingSystem=QFontDatabase.Any])

Detailed Description

Note

QRawFont is a low level class. For most purposes QFont is a more appropriate class.

Most commonly, when presenting text in a user interface, the exact fonts used to render the characters is to some extent unknown. This can be the case for several reasons: For instance, the actual, physical fonts present on the target system could be unexpected to the developers, or the text could contain user selected styles, sizes or writing systems that are not supported by font chosen in the code.

Therefore, Qt’s QFont class really represents a query for fonts. When text is interpreted, Qt will do its best to match the text to the query, but depending on the support, different fonts can be used behind the scenes.

For most use cases, this is both expected and necessary, as it minimizes the possibility of text in the user interface being undisplayable. In some cases, however, more direct control over the process might be useful. It is for these use cases the QRawFont class exists.

A QRawFont object represents a single, physical instance of a given font in a given pixel size. I.e. in the typical case it represents a set of TrueType or OpenType font tables and uses a user specified pixel size to convert metrics into logical pixel units. It can be used in combination with the QGlyphRun class to draw specific glyph indexes at specific positions, and also have accessors to some relevant data in the physical font.

QRawFont only provides support for the main font technologies: GDI and DirectWrite on Windows platforms, FreeType on Linux platforms and CoreText on macOS. For other font back-ends, the APIs will be disabled.

QRawFont can be constructed in a number of ways:

  • It can be constructed by calling QTextLayout::glyphs() or QTextFragment::glyphs(). The returned QGlyphs objects will contain QRawFont objects which represent the actual fonts used to render each portion of the text.

  • It can be constructed by passing a QFont object to fromFont() . The function will return a QRawFont object representing the font that will be selected as response to the QFont query and the selected writing system.

  • It can be constructed by passing a file name or QByteArray directly to the QRawFont constructor, or by calling loadFromFile() or loadFromData() . In this case, the font will not be registered in QFontDatabase , and it will not be available as part of regular font selection.

QRawFont is considered local to the thread in which it is constructed (either using a constructor, or by calling loadFromData() or loadFromFile() ). The QRawFont cannot be moved to a different thread, but will have to be recreated in the thread in question.

Note

For the requirement of caching glyph indexes and font selections for static text to avoid reshaping and relayouting in the inner loop of an application, a better choice is the QStaticText class, since it optimizes the memory cost of the cache and also provides the possibility of paint engine specific caches for an additional speed-up.

class PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont(fontData, pixelSize[, hintingPreference=QFont.PreferDefaultHinting])

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont(other)

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont(fileName, pixelSize[, hintingPreference=QFont.PreferDefaultHinting])

param fontData

PySide2.QtCore.QByteArray

param pixelSize

float

param other

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

param fileName

str

param hintingPreference

HintingPreference

Constructs an invalid QRawFont .

Creates a QRawFont which is a copy of other .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.AntialiasingType

This enum represents the different ways a glyph can be rasterized in the function alphaMapForGlyph() .

Constant

Description

QRawFont.PixelAntialiasing

Will rasterize by measuring the coverage of the shape on whole pixels. The returned image contains the alpha values of each pixel based on the coverage of the glyph shape.

QRawFont.SubPixelAntialiasing

Will rasterize by measuring the coverage of each subpixel, returning a separate alpha value for each of the red, green and blue components of each pixel.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.LayoutFlag

This enum tells the function advancesForGlyphIndexes() how to calculate the advances.

Constant

Description

QRawFont.SeparateAdvances

Will calculate the advance for each glyph separately.

QRawFont.KernedAdvances

Will apply kerning between adjacent glyphs. Note that OpenType GPOS based kerning is currently not supported.

QRawFont.UseDesignMetrics

Use design metrics instead of hinted metrics adjusted to the resolution of the paint device. Can be OR-ed with any of the options above.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.advancesForGlyphIndexes(glyphIndexes)
Parameters

glyphIndexes

Return type

This is an overloaded function.

Returns the QRawFont ‘s advances for each of the glyphIndexes in pixel units. The advances give the distance from the position of a given glyph to where the next glyph should be drawn to make it appear as if the two glyphs are unspaced. The advance of each glyph is calculated separately.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.advancesForGlyphIndexes(glyphIndexes, layoutFlags)
Parameters
  • glyphIndexes

  • layoutFlagsLayoutFlags

Return type

Returns the QRawFont ‘s advances for each of the glyphIndexes in pixel units. The advances give the distance from the position of a given glyph to where the next glyph should be drawn to make it appear as if the two glyphs are unspaced. How the advances are calculated is controlled by layoutFlags .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.alphaMapForGlyph(glyphIndex[, antialiasingType=SubPixelAntialiasing[, transform=QTransform()]])
Parameters
Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QImage

This function returns a rasterized image of the glyph at the given glyphIndex in the underlying font, using the transform specified. If the QRawFont is not valid, this function will return an invalid QImage .

If the font is a color font, then the resulting image will contain the rendered glyph at the current pixel size. In this case, the antialiasingType will be ignored.

Otherwise, if antialiasingType is set to SubPixelAntialiasing , then the resulting image will be in Format_RGB32 and the RGB values of each pixel will represent the subpixel opacities of the pixel in the rasterization of the glyph. Otherwise, the image will be in the format of Format_Indexed8 and each pixel will contain the opacity of the pixel in the rasterization.

See also

pathForGlyph() drawGlyphRun()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.ascent()
Return type

float

Returns the ascent of this QRawFont in pixel units.

The ascent of a font is the distance from the baseline to the highest position characters extend to. In practice, some font designers break this rule, e.g. when they put more than one accent on top of a character, or to accommodate an unusual character in an exotic language, so it is possible (though rare) that this value will be too small.

See also

ascent()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.averageCharWidth()
Return type

float

Returns the average character width of this QRawFont in pixel units.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.boundingRect(glyphIndex)
Parameters

glyphIndex – int

Return type

PySide2.QtCore.QRectF

Returns the smallest rectangle containing the glyph with the given glyphIndex .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.capHeight()
Return type

float

Returns the cap height of this QRawFont in pixel units.

The cap height of a font is the height of a capital letter above the baseline. It specifically is the height of capital letters that are flat - such as H or I - as opposed to round letters such as O, or pointed letters like A, both of which may display overshoot.

See also

capHeight()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.descent()
Return type

float

Returns the descent of this QRawFont in pixel units.

The descent is the distance from the base line to the lowest point characters extend to. In practice, some font designers break this rule, e.g. to accommodate an unusual character in an exotic language, so it is possible (though rare) that this value will be too small.

See also

descent()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.familyName()
Return type

str

Returns the family name of this QRawFont .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.fontTable(tagName)
Parameters

tagName – str

Return type

PySide2.QtCore.QByteArray

Retrieves the sfnt table named tagName from the underlying physical font, or an empty byte array if no such table was found. The returned font table’s byte order is Big Endian, like the sfnt format specifies. The tagName must be four characters long and should be formatted in the default endianness of the current platform.

static PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.fromFont(font[, writingSystem=QFontDatabase.Any])
Parameters
Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

Fetches the physical representation based on a font query. The physical font returned is the font that will be preferred by Qt in order to display text in the selected writingSystem .

Warning

This function is potentially expensive and should not be called in performance sensitive code.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.glyphIndexesForString(text)
Parameters

text – str

Return type

Converts the string of unicode points given by text to glyph indexes using the CMAP table in the underlying font, and returns a vector containing the result.

Note that, in cases where there are other tables in the font that affect the shaping of the text, the returned glyph indexes will not correctly represent the rendering of the text. To get the correctly shaped text, you can use QTextLayout to lay out and shape the text, then call QTextLayout::glyphs() to get the set of glyph index list and QRawFont pairs.

See also

advancesForGlyphIndexes() glyphIndexesForChars() QGlyphRun glyphRuns() glyphRuns()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.hintingPreference()
Return type

HintingPreference

Returns the hinting preference used to construct this QRawFont .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.isValid()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the QRawFont is valid and false otherwise.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.leading()
Return type

float

Returns the leading of this QRawFont in pixel units.

This is the natural inter-line spacing.

See also

leading()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.lineThickness()
Return type

float

Returns the thickness for drawing lines (underline, overline, etc.) along with text drawn in this font.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.loadFromData(fontData, pixelSize, hintingPreference)
Parameters

Replaces the current QRawFont with the font contained in the supplied fontData for the size (in pixels) given by pixelSize , and using the hinting preference specified by hintingPreference .

The fontData must contain a TrueType or OpenType font.

See also

loadFromFile()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.loadFromFile(fileName, pixelSize, hintingPreference)
Parameters

Replaces the current QRawFont with the contents of the file referenced by fileName for the size (in pixels) given by pixelSize , and using the hinting preference specified by hintingPreference .

The file must reference a TrueType or OpenType font.

See also

loadFromData()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.maxCharWidth()
Return type

float

Returns the width of the widest character in the font.

See also

maxWidth()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.__ne__(other)
Parameters

otherPySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

Return type

bool

Returns true if this QRawFont is not equal to other . Otherwise, returns false .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.__eq__(other)
Parameters

otherPySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

Return type

bool

Returns true if this QRawFont is equal to other . Otherwise, returns false .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.pathForGlyph(glyphIndex)
Parameters

glyphIndex – int

Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QPainterPath

This function returns the shape of the glyph at a given glyphIndex in the underlying font if the QRawFont is valid. Otherwise, it returns an empty QPainterPath .

The returned glyph will always be unhinted.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.pixelSize()
Return type

float

Returns the pixel size set for this QRawFont . The pixel size affects how glyphs are rasterized, the size of glyphs returned by pathForGlyph() , and is used to convert internal metrics from design units to logical pixel units.

See also

setPixelSize()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.setPixelSize(pixelSize)
Parameters

pixelSize – float

Sets the pixel size with which this font should be rendered to pixelSize .

See also

pixelSize()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.style()
Return type

Style

Returns the style of this QRawFont .

See also

style()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.styleName()
Return type

str

Returns the style name of this QRawFont .

See also

styleName()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.supportedWritingSystems()
Return type

Returns a list of writing systems supported by the font according to designer supplied information in the font file. Please note that this does not guarantee support for a specific unicode point in the font. You can use the supportsCharacter() to check support for a single, specific character.

Note

The list is determined based on the unicode ranges and codepage ranges set in the font’s OS/2 table and requires such a table to be present in the underlying font file.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.supportsCharacter(character)
Parameters

characterQChar

Return type

bool

Returns true if the font has a glyph that corresponds to the given character .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.supportsCharacter(ucs4)
Parameters

ucs4uint

Return type

bool

This is an overloaded function.

Returns true if the font has a glyph that corresponds to the UCS-4 encoded character ucs4 .

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.swap(other)
Parameters

otherPySide2.QtGui.QRawFont

Swaps this raw font with other . This function is very fast and never fails.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.underlinePosition()
Return type

float

Returns the position from baseline for drawing underlines below the text rendered with this font.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.unitsPerEm()
Return type

float

Returns the number of design units define the width and height of the em square for this QRawFont . This value is used together with the pixel size when converting design metrics to pixel units, as the internal metrics are specified in design units and the pixel size gives the size of 1 em in pixels.

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.weight()
Return type

int

Returns the weight of this QRawFont .

See also

weight()

PySide2.QtGui.QRawFont.xHeight()
Return type

float

Returns the of this QRawFont in pixel units.

This is often but not always the same as the height of the character ‘x’.

See also

xHeight()