QAbstractButton

The QAbstractButton class is the abstract base class of button widgets, providing functionality common to buttons. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton

Inherited by: QCheckBox, QCommandLinkButton, QPushButton, QRadioButton, QToolButton

Synopsis

Functions

Virtual functions

Slots

Signals

Detailed Description

This class implements an abstract button. Subclasses of this class handle user actions, and specify how the button is drawn.

QAbstractButton provides support for both push buttons and checkable (toggle) buttons. Checkable buttons are implemented in the QRadioButton and QCheckBox classes. Push buttons are implemented in the QPushButton and QToolButton classes; these also provide toggle behavior if required.

Any button can display a label containing text and an icon. setText() sets the text; setIcon() sets the icon. If a button is disabled, its label is changed to give the button a “disabled” appearance.

If the button is a text button with a string containing an ampersand (‘&’), QAbstractButton automatically creates a shortcut key. For example:

button = QPushButton(QObject.tr("Ro&ck && Roll"), self)

The Alt+C shortcut is assigned to the button, i.e., when the user presses Alt+C the button will call animateClick() . See the QShortcut documentation for details. To display an actual ampersand, use ‘&&’.

You can also set a custom shortcut key using the setShortcut() function. This is useful mostly for buttons that do not have any text, and therefore can’t have any automatic shortcut.

button.setIcon(QIcon(":/images/print.png"))
button.setShortcut(tr("Alt+F7"))

All the buttons provided by Qt ( QPushButton , QToolButton , QCheckBox , and QRadioButton ) can display both text and icons .

A button can be made the default button in a dialog by means of setDefault() and setAutoDefault() .

QAbstractButton provides most of the states used for buttons:

  • isDown() indicates whether the button is pressed down.

  • isChecked() indicates whether the button is checked. Only checkable buttons can be checked and unchecked (see below).

  • isEnabled() indicates whether the button can be pressed by the user.

    Note

    As opposed to other widgets, buttons derived from QAbstractButton accept mouse and context menu events when disabled.

  • setAutoRepeat() sets whether the button will auto-repeat if the user holds it down. autoRepeatDelay and autoRepeatInterval define how auto-repetition is done.

  • setCheckable() sets whether the button is a toggle button or not.

The difference between isDown() and isChecked() is as follows. When the user clicks a toggle button to check it, the button is first pressed then released into the checked state. When the user clicks it again (to uncheck it), the button moves first to the pressed state, then to the unchecked state ( isChecked() and isDown() are both false).

QAbstractButton provides four signals:

  1. pressed() is emitted when the left mouse button is pressed while the mouse cursor is inside the button.

  2. released() is emitted when the left mouse button is released.

  3. clicked() is emitted when the button is first pressed and then released, when the shortcut key is typed, or when click() or animateClick() is called.

  4. toggled() is emitted when the state of a toggle button changes.

To subclass QAbstractButton , you must reimplement at least paintEvent() to draw the button’s outline and its text or pixmap. It is generally advisable to reimplement sizeHint() as well, and sometimes hitButton() (to determine whether a button press is within the button). For buttons with more than two states (like tri-state buttons), you will also have to reimplement checkStateSet() and nextCheckState() .

See also

QButtonGroup

class PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton([parent=None])

Constructs an abstract button with a parent .

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.animateClick([msec=100])
Parameters

msec – int

Performs an animated click: the button is pressed immediately, and released msec milliseconds later (the default is 100 ms).

Calling this function again before the button is released resets the release timer.

All signals associated with a click are emitted as appropriate.

This function does nothing if the button is PySide2.QtWidgets.QWidget.setEnabled()

See also

click()

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.autoExclusive()
Return type

bool

This property holds whether auto-exclusivity is enabled.

If auto-exclusivity is enabled, checkable buttons that belong to the same parent widget behave as if they were part of the same exclusive button group. In an exclusive button group, only one button can be checked at any time; checking another button automatically unchecks the previously checked one.

The property has no effect on buttons that belong to a button group.

is off by default, except for radio buttons.

See also

QRadioButton

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.autoRepeat()
Return type

bool

This property holds whether is enabled.

If is enabled, then the pressed() , released() , and clicked() signals are emitted at regular intervals when the button is down. is off by default. The initial delay and the repetition interval are defined in milliseconds by autoRepeatDelay and autoRepeatInterval .

Note: If a button is pressed down by a shortcut key, then auto-repeat is enabled and timed by the system and not by this class. The pressed() , released() , and clicked() signals will be emitted like in the normal case.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.autoRepeatDelay()
Return type

int

This property holds the initial delay of auto-repetition.

If autoRepeat is enabled, then defines the initial delay in milliseconds before auto-repetition kicks in.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.autoRepeatInterval()
Return type

int

This property holds the interval of auto-repetition.

If autoRepeat is enabled, then defines the length of the auto-repetition interval in millisecons.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.checkStateSet()

This virtual handler is called when setChecked() is used, unless it is called from within nextCheckState() . It allows subclasses to reset their intermediate button states.

See also

nextCheckState()

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.click()

Performs a click.

All the usual signals associated with a click are emitted as appropriate. If the button is checkable, the state of the button is toggled.

This function does nothing if the button is PySide2.QtWidgets.QWidget.setEnabled()

See also

animateClick()

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.clicked([checked=false])
Parameters

checked – bool

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.group()
Return type

PySide2.QtWidgets.QButtonGroup

Returns the group that this button belongs to.

If the button is not a member of any QButtonGroup , this function returns None .

See also

QButtonGroup

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.hitButton(pos)
Parameters

posPySide2.QtCore.QPoint

Return type

bool

Returns true if pos is inside the clickable button rectangle; otherwise returns false .

By default, the clickable area is the entire widget. Subclasses may reimplement this function to provide support for clickable areas of different shapes and sizes.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.icon()
Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QIcon

This property holds the icon shown on the button.

The icon’s default size is defined by the GUI style, but can be adjusted by setting the iconSize property.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.iconSize()
Return type

PySide2.QtCore.QSize

This property holds the icon size used for this button..

The default size is defined by the GUI style. This is a maximum size for the icons. Smaller icons will not be scaled up.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.isCheckable()
Return type

bool

This property holds whether the button is checkable.

By default, the button is not checkable.

See also

checked

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.isChecked()
Return type

bool

This property holds whether the button is checked.

Only checkable buttons can be checked. By default, the button is unchecked.

See also

checkable

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.isDown()
Return type

bool

This property holds whether the button is pressed down.

If this property is true , the button is pressed down. The signals pressed() and clicked() are not emitted if you set this property to true. The default is false.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.nextCheckState()

This virtual handler is called when a button is clicked. The default implementation calls setChecked (! isChecked() ) if the button isCheckable() . It allows subclasses to implement intermediate button states.

See also

checkStateSet()

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.pressed()
PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.released()
PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setAutoExclusive(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – bool

This property holds whether auto-exclusivity is enabled.

If auto-exclusivity is enabled, checkable buttons that belong to the same parent widget behave as if they were part of the same exclusive button group. In an exclusive button group, only one button can be checked at any time; checking another button automatically unchecks the previously checked one.

The property has no effect on buttons that belong to a button group.

is off by default, except for radio buttons.

See also

QRadioButton

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setAutoRepeat(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – bool

This property holds whether is enabled.

If is enabled, then the pressed() , released() , and clicked() signals are emitted at regular intervals when the button is down. is off by default. The initial delay and the repetition interval are defined in milliseconds by autoRepeatDelay and autoRepeatInterval .

Note: If a button is pressed down by a shortcut key, then auto-repeat is enabled and timed by the system and not by this class. The pressed() , released() , and clicked() signals will be emitted like in the normal case.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setAutoRepeatDelay(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – int

This property holds the initial delay of auto-repetition.

If autoRepeat is enabled, then defines the initial delay in milliseconds before auto-repetition kicks in.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setAutoRepeatInterval(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – int

This property holds the interval of auto-repetition.

If autoRepeat is enabled, then defines the length of the auto-repetition interval in millisecons.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setCheckable(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – bool

This property holds whether the button is checkable.

By default, the button is not checkable.

See also

checked

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setChecked(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – bool

This property holds whether the button is checked.

Only checkable buttons can be checked. By default, the button is unchecked.

See also

checkable

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setDown(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1 – bool

This property holds whether the button is pressed down.

If this property is true , the button is pressed down. The signals pressed() and clicked() are not emitted if you set this property to true. The default is false.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setIcon(icon)
Parameters

iconPySide2.QtGui.QIcon

This property holds the icon shown on the button.

The icon’s default size is defined by the GUI style, but can be adjusted by setting the iconSize property.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setIconSize(size)
Parameters

sizePySide2.QtCore.QSize

This property holds the icon size used for this button..

The default size is defined by the GUI style. This is a maximum size for the icons. Smaller icons will not be scaled up.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setShortcut(key)
Parameters

keyPySide2.QtGui.QKeySequence

This property holds the mnemonic associated with the button.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.setText(text)
Parameters

text – str

This property holds the text shown on the button.

If the button has no text, the function will return an empty string.

If the text contains an ampersand character (‘&’), a shortcut is automatically created for it. The character that follows the ‘&’ will be used as the shortcut key. Any previous shortcut will be overwritten or cleared if no shortcut is defined by the text. See the QShortcut documentation for details. To display an actual ampersand, use ‘&&’.

There is no default text.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.shortcut()
Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QKeySequence

This property holds the mnemonic associated with the button.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.text()
Return type

str

This property holds the text shown on the button.

If the button has no text, the function will return an empty string.

If the text contains an ampersand character (‘&’), a shortcut is automatically created for it. The character that follows the ‘&’ will be used as the shortcut key. Any previous shortcut will be overwritten or cleared if no shortcut is defined by the text. See the QShortcut documentation for details. To display an actual ampersand, use ‘&&’.

There is no default text.

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.toggle()

Toggles the state of a checkable button.

See also

checked

PySide2.QtWidgets.QAbstractButton.toggled(checked)
Parameters

checked – bool