The QGraphicsLinearLayout class provides a horizontal or vertical layout for managing widgets in Graphics View. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout




This documentation may contain snippets that were automatically translated from C++ to Python. We always welcome contributions to the snippet translation. If you see an issue with the translation, you can also let us know by creating a ticket on https:/bugreports.qt.io/projects/PYSIDE

Detailed Description#


This section contains snippets that were automatically translated from C++ to Python and may contain errors.

The default orientation for a linear layout is Qt::Horizontal. You can choose a vertical orientation either by calling setOrientation() , or by passing Qt::Vertical to QGraphicsLinearLayout ‘s constructor.

The most common way to use QGraphicsLinearLayout is to construct an object on the heap, passing a parent widget to the constructor, then add widgets and layouts by calling addItem() .

scene = QGraphicsScene()
textEdit = scene.addWidget(QTextEdit())
pushButton = scene.addWidget(QPushButton())
form = QGraphicsWidget()
layout = QGraphicsLinearLayout(form)

Alternatively, if you do not pass a parent widget to the layout’s constructor, you will need to call setLayout() to set this layout as the top-level layout for that widget, the widget will take ownership of the layout.

You can add widgets, layouts, stretches ( addStretch() , insertStretch() or setStretchFactor() ), and spacings ( setItemSpacing() ) to a linear layout. The layout takes ownership of the items. In some cases when the layout item also inherits from QGraphicsItem (such as QGraphicsWidget ) there will be a ambiguity in ownership because the layout item belongs to two ownership hierarchies. See the documentation of setOwnedByLayout() how to handle this. You can access each item in the layout by calling count() and itemAt() . Calling removeAt() or removeItem() will remove an item from the layout, without destroying it.

Size Hints and Size Policies in QGraphicsLinearLayout#

QGraphicsLinearLayout respects each item’s size hints and size policies, and when the layout contains more space than the items can fill, each item is arranged according to the layout’s alignment for that item. You can set an alignment for each item by calling setAlignment() , and check the alignment for any item by calling alignment() . By default, items are aligned to the top left.

Spacing within QGraphicsLinearLayout#

Between the items, the layout distributes some space. The actual amount of space depends on the managed widget’s current style, but the common spacing is 4. You can also set your own spacing by calling setSpacing() , and get the current spacing value by calling spacing() . If you want to configure individual spacing for your items, you can call setItemSpacing() .

Stretch Factor in QGraphicsLinearLayout#

You can assign a stretch factor to each item to control how much space it will get compared to the other items. By default, two identical widgets arranged in a linear layout will have the same size, but if the first widget has a stretch factor of 1 and the second widget has a stretch factor of 2, the first widget will get 1/3 of the available space, and the second will get 2/3.

QGraphicsLinearLayout calculates the distribution of sizes by adding up the stretch factors of all items, and then dividing the available space accordingly. The default stretch factor is 0 for all items; a factor of 0 means the item does not have any defined stretch factor; effectively this is the same as setting the stretch factor to 1. The stretch factor only applies to the available space in the lengthwise direction of the layout (following its orientation). If you want to control both the item’s horizontal and vertical stretch, you can use QGraphicsGridLayout instead.

QGraphicsLinearLayout Compared to Other Layouts#

QGraphicsLinearLayout is very similar to QVBoxLayout and QHBoxLayout , but in contrast to these classes, it is used to manage QGraphicsWidget and QGraphicsLayout instead of QWidget and QLayout .

class PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout([parent=None])#

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout(orientation[, parent=None])


Constructs a QGraphicsLinearLayout instance using Qt::Horizontal orientation. parent is passed to QGraphicsLayout ‘s constructor.

Constructs a QGraphicsLinearLayout instance. You can pass the orientation for the layout, either horizontal or vertical, and parent is passed to QGraphicsLayout ‘s constructor.



This convenience function is equivalent to calling insertItem (-1, item).


stretch – int

This convenience function is equivalent to calling insertStretch (-1, stretch).



Return type:

Combination of Qt.AlignmentFlag

Returns the alignment for item. The default alignment is Qt::AlignTop | Qt::AlignLeft.

The alignment decides how the item is positioned within its assigned space in the case where there’s more space available in the layout than the widgets can occupy.

See also



indent – int

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout.insertItem(index, item)#

Inserts item into the layout at index, or before any item that is currently at index.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout.insertStretch(index[, stretch=1])#
  • index – int

  • stretch – int

Inserts a stretch of stretch at index, or before any item that is currently at index.


index – int

Return type:


Returns the spacing after item at index.

See also


Return type:


Returns the layout orientation.

See also




Removes item from the layout without destroying it. Ownership of item is transferred to the caller.

See also

removeAt() insertItem()

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout.setAlignment(item, alignment)#

Sets the alignment of item to alignment. If item's alignment changes, the layout is automatically invalidated.

See also

alignment() invalidate()

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout.setItemSpacing(index, spacing)#
  • index – int

  • spacing – float

Sets the spacing after item at index to spacing.

See also




Change the layout orientation to orientation. Changing the layout orientation will automatically invalidate the layout.

See also



spacing – float

Sets the layout’s spacing to spacing. Spacing refers to the vertical and horizontal distances between items.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsLinearLayout.setStretchFactor(item, stretch)#

Sets the stretch factor for item to stretch. If an item’s stretch factor changes, this function will invalidate the layout.

Setting stretch to 0 removes the stretch factor from the item, and is effectively equivalent to setting stretch to 1.

See also


Return type:


Returns the layout’s spacing. Spacing refers to the vertical and horizontal distances between items.

See also




Return type:


Returns the stretch factor for item. The default stretch factor is 0, meaning that the item has no assigned stretch factor.