To discover the nearby Bluetooth devices:
create an instance of
start().def startDeviceDiscovery(self): # Create a discovery agent and connect to its signals discoveryAgent = QBluetoothDeviceDiscoveryAgent(self) connect(discoveryAgent, SIGNAL(deviceDiscovered(QBluetoothDeviceInfo)), self, SLOT(deviceDiscovered(QBluetoothDeviceInfo))) # Start a discovery discoveryAgent.start() #... # In your local slot, read information about the found devices def deviceDiscovered(self, device): print("Found device():", device.name(), '(', device.address().toString(), ')')
This class can be used to discover Classic and Low Energy Bluetooth devices. The individual device type can be determined via the
coreConfigurations() attribute. In most cases the list returned by
discoveredDevices() contains both types of devices. However not every platform can detect both types of devices. On platforms with this limitation (for example iOS only suports Low Energy discovery), the discovery process will limit the search to the type which is supported.
Since Android 6.0 the ability to detect devices requires ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION.
The Win32 backend currently does not support the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), as well as the Manufacturer Specific Data, or other data updates advertised by Bluetooth LE devices after discovery.
- class PySide6.QtBluetooth.QBluetoothDeviceDiscoveryAgent([parent=None])#
Constructs a new Bluetooth device discovery agent with parent
Constructs a new Bluetooth device discovery agent with
deviceAdapter for the device search. If
deviceAdapter is default constructed the resulting
QBluetoothDeviceDiscoveryAgent object will use the local default Bluetooth adapter.
deviceAdapter is specified that is not a local adapter
error() will be set to
InvalidBluetoothAdapterError . Therefore it is recommended to test the error flag immediately after using this constructor.
Indicates all possible error conditions found during Bluetooth device discovery.
No error has occurred.
The Bluetooth adaptor is powered off, power it on before doing discovery.
Writing or reading from the device resulted in an error.
The passed local adapter address does not match the physical adapter address of any local Bluetooth device.
Device discovery is not possible or implemented on the current platform. The error is set in response to a call to
start(). An example for such cases are iOS versions below 5.0 which do not support Bluetooth device search at all.
One of the requested discovery methods is not supported by the current platform.
The location service is turned off. Usage of Bluetooth APIs is not possible when location service is turned off.
The operating system requests permissions which were not granted by the user.
An unknown error has occurred.
enum.Flag) This enum descibes the type of discovery method employed by the
The discovery is not possible. None of the available methods are supported.
The discovery process searches for Bluetooth Classic (BaseRate) devices.
The discovery process searches for Bluetooth Low Energy devices.
This signal is emitted when device discovery is aborted by a call to
This signal is emitted when the Bluetooth device described by
info is discovered.
The signal is emitted as soon as the most important device information has been collected. However, as long as the
finished() signal has not been emitted the information collection continues even for already discovered devices. This is particularly true for signal strength information (RSSI) and manufacturer data updates. If the use case requires continuous manufacturer data or RSSI updates it is advisable to retrieve the device information via
discoveredDevices() once the discovery has finished or listen to the
lowEnergyDiscoveryTimeout() is larger than 0 the signal is only ever emitted when at least one attribute of
info changes. This reflects the desire to receive updates as more precise information becomes available. The exception to this behavior is the case when
lowEnergyDiscoveryTimeout is set to
0. A timeout of
0 expresses the desire to monitor the appearance and disappearance of Low Energy devices over time. Under this condition the deviceDiscovered() signal is emitted even if
info has not changed since the last signal emission.
- PySide6.QtBluetooth.QBluetoothDeviceDiscoveryAgent.deviceUpdated(info, updatedFields)#
This signal is emitted when the agent receives additional information about the Bluetooth device described by
updatedFields flags tell which information has been updated.
During discovery, some information can change dynamically, such as
signal strength and
manufacturerData . This signal informs you that if your application is displaying this data, it can be updated, rather than waiting until the discovery has finished.
- Return type
Returns a list of all discovered Bluetooth devices.
Returns the last error.
Any possible previous errors are cleared upon restarting the discovery.
This signal is emitted when an
error occurs during Bluetooth device discovery. The
error parameter describes the error that occurred.
- Return type
Returns a human-readable description of the last error.
This signal is emitted when Bluetooth device discovery completes. The signal is not going to be emitted if the device discovery finishes with an error.
- Return type
Returns true if the agent is currently discovering Bluetooth devices, otherwise returns false.
- Return type
Returns a timeout in milliseconds that is applied to the Bluetooth Low Energy device search. A value of
-1 implies that the platform does not support this property and the timeout for the device search cannot be adjusted. A return value of
0 implies a never-ending search which must be manually stopped via
msTimeout – int
Sets the maximum search time for Bluetooth Low Energy device search to
timeout in milliseconds. If
0 the discovery runs until
stop() is called.
This reflects the fact that the discovery process for Bluetooth Low Energy devices is mostly open ended. The platform continues to look for more devices until the search is manually stopped. The timeout ensures that the search is aborted after
timeout milliseconds. Of course, it is still possible to manually abort the discovery by calling
The new timeout value does not take effect until the device search is restarted. In addition the timeout does not affect the classic Bluetooth device search. Depending on the platform the classic search may add more time to the total discovery process beyond
For a reliable Bluetooth Low Energy discovery, use at least 40000 milliseconds.
Starts Bluetooth device discovery, if it is not already started.
deviceDiscovered() signal is emitted as each device is discovered. The
finished() signal is emitted once device discovery is complete. The discovery utilizes the maximum set of supported discovery methods on the platform.
Starts Bluetooth device discovery, if it is not already started and the provided
methods are supported. The discovery
methods limit the scope of the device search. For example, if the target service or device is a Bluetooth Low Energy device, this function could be used to limit the search to Bluetooth Low Energy devices and thereby reduces the discovery time significantly.
methods only determines the type of discovery and does not imply the filtering of the results. For example, the search may still contain classic bluetooth devices despite
methods being set to
LowEnergyMethod only. This may happen due to previously cached search results which may be incorporated into the search results.
Stops Bluetooth device discovery. The cancel() signal is emitted once the device discovery is canceled.
start() maybe called before the cancel signal is received. Once
start() has been called the cancel signal from the prior discovery will be discarded.
- static PySide6.QtBluetooth.QBluetoothDeviceDiscoveryAgent.supportedDiscoveryMethods()#
- Return type
This function returns the discovery methods supported by the current platform. It can be used to limit the scope of the device discovery.