QGraphicsEffect

The QGraphicsEffect class is the base class for all graphics effects. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect

Inherited by: QGraphicsOpacityEffect, QGraphicsDropShadowEffect, QGraphicsColorizeEffect, QGraphicsBlurEffect

New in version 4.6.

Synopsis

Functions

Virtual functions

Detailed Description

Effects alter the appearance of elements by hooking into the rendering pipeline and operating between the source (e.g., a QGraphicsPixmapItem ) and the destination device (e.g., QGraphicsView ‘s viewport). Effects can be disabled by calling setEnabled (false). If effects are disabled, the source is rendered directly.

To add a visual effect to a QGraphicsItem , for example, you can use one of the standard effects, or alternately, create your own effect by creating a subclass of QGraphicsEffect . The effect can then be installed on the item using setGraphicsEffect() .

Qt provides the following standard effects:

../../_images/graphicseffect-plain.png
../../_images/graphicseffect-blur.png ../../_images/graphicseffect-colorize.png
../../_images/graphicseffect-opacity.png ../../_images/graphicseffect-drop-shadow.png
../../_images/graphicseffect-widget.png

For more information on how to use each effect, refer to the specific effect’s documentation.

To create your own custom effect, create a subclass of QGraphicsEffect (or any other existing effects) and reimplement the virtual function . This function is called whenever the effect needs to redraw. The function takes the painter with which to draw as an argument. For more information, refer to the documenation for . In the function you can call sourcePixmap() to get a pixmap of the graphics effect source which you can then process.

If your effect changes, use update() to request for a redraw. If your custom effect changes the bounding rectangle of the source, e.g., a radial glow effect may need to apply an extra margin, you can reimplement the virtual boundingRectFor() function, and call updateBoundingRect() to notify the framework whenever this rectangle changes. The virtual sourceChanged() function is called to notify the effects that the source has changed in some way - e.g., if the source is a QGraphicsRectItem and its rectangle parameters have changed.

class PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect([parent=None])
Parameters

parentPySide6.QtCore.QObject

Constructs a new QGraphicsEffect instance having the specified parent.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.ChangeFlag

This enum describes what has changed in QGraphicsEffectSource.

Constant

Description

QGraphicsEffect.SourceAttached

The effect is installed on a source.

QGraphicsEffect.SourceDetached

The effect is uninstalled on a source.

QGraphicsEffect.SourceBoundingRectChanged

The bounding rect of the source has changed.

QGraphicsEffect.SourceInvalidated

The visual appearance of the source has changed.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.PixmapPadMode

This enum describes how the pixmap returned from sourcePixmap should be padded.

Constant

Description

QGraphicsEffect.NoPad

The pixmap should not receive any additional padding.

QGraphicsEffect.PadToTransparentBorder

The pixmap should be padded to ensure it has a completely transparent border.

QGraphicsEffect.PadToEffectiveBoundingRect

The pixmap should be padded to match the effective bounding rectangle of the effect.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.boundingRect()
Return type

PySide6.QtCore.QRectF

Returns the effective bounding rectangle for this effect, i.e., the bounding rectangle of the source in device coordinates, adjusted by any margins applied by the effect itself.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.boundingRectFor(sourceRect)
Parameters

sourceRectPySide6.QtCore.QRectF

Return type

PySide6.QtCore.QRectF

Returns the effective bounding rectangle for this effect, given the provided rect in the device coordinates. When writing you own custom effect, you must call updateBoundingRect() whenever any parameters are changed that may cause this this function to return a different value.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.draw(painter)
Parameters

painterPySide6.QtGui.QPainter

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.drawSource(painter)
Parameters

painterPySide6.QtGui.QPainter

Draws the source directly using the given painter.

This function should only be called from .

For example:

def draw(self, painter):
    # Fully opaque draw directly without going through a pixmap.
    if qFuzzyCompare(self.opacity, 1):
        drawSource(painter)
        return
    # ...

See also

draw()

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.enabledChanged(enabled)
Parameters

enabled – bool

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.isEnabled()
Return type

bool

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.setEnabled(enable)
Parameters

enable – bool

See also

isEnabled()

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.sourceBoundingRect([system=Qt.LogicalCoordinates])
Parameters

systemCoordinateSystem

Return type

PySide6.QtCore.QRectF

Returns the bounding rectangle of the source mapped to the given system.

Calling this function with DeviceCoordinates outside of will give undefined results, as there is no device context available.

See also

draw()

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.sourceChanged(flags)
Parameters

flagsChangeFlags

This virtual function is called by QGraphicsEffect to notify the effect that the source has changed. If the effect applies any cache, then this cache must be purged in order to reflect the new appearance of the source.

The flags describes what has changed.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.sourceIsPixmap()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the source effectively is a pixmap, e.g., a QGraphicsPixmapItem .

This function is useful for optimization purposes. For instance, there’s no point in drawing the source in device coordinates to avoid pixmap scaling if this function returns true - the source pixmap will be scaled anyways.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.sourcePixmap([system=Qt.LogicalCoordinates[, offset=None[, mode=PadToEffectiveBoundingRect]]])
Parameters
Return type

PySide6.QtGui.QPixmap

Returns a pixmap with the source painted into it.

The system specifies which coordinate system to be used for the source. The optional offset parameter returns the offset where the pixmap should be painted at using the current painter. For control on how the pixmap is padded use the mode parameter.

The returned pixmap is clipped to the current painter’s device rectangle when system is DeviceCoordinates .

Calling this function with DeviceCoordinates outside of will give undefined results, as there is no device context available.

See also

boundingRect()

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.update()

Schedules a redraw of the effect. Call this function whenever the effect needs to be redrawn. This function does not trigger a redraw of the source.

PySide6.QtWidgets.QGraphicsEffect.updateBoundingRect()

This function notifies the effect framework when the effect’s bounding rectangle has changed. As a custom effect author, you must call this function whenever you change any parameters that will cause the virtual boundingRectFor() function to return a different value.

This function will call update() if this is necessary.