QLibrary

The QLibrary class loads shared libraries at runtime. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary

Synopsis

Functions

Static functions

Detailed Description

An instance of a QLibrary object operates on a single shared object file (which we call a “library”, but is also known as a “DLL”). A QLibrary provides access to the functionality in the library in a platform independent way. You can either pass a file name in the constructor, or set it explicitly with setFileName() . When loading the library, QLibrary searches in all the system-specific library locations (e.g. LD_LIBRARY_PATH on Unix), unless the file name has an absolute path.

If the file name is an absolute path then an attempt is made to load this path first. If the file cannot be found, QLibrary tries the name with different platform-specific file prefixes, like “lib” on Unix and Mac, and suffixes, like “.so” on Unix, “.dylib” on the Mac, or “.dll” on Windows.

If the file path is not absolute then QLibrary modifies the search order to try the system-specific prefixes and suffixes first, followed by the file path specified.

This makes it possible to specify shared libraries that are only identified by their basename (i.e. without their suffix), so the same code will work on different operating systems yet still minimise the number of attempts to find the library.

The most important functions are load() to dynamically load the library file, isLoaded() to check whether loading was successful, and resolve() to resolve a symbol in the library. The resolve() function implicitly tries to load the library if it has not been loaded yet. Multiple instances of QLibrary can be used to access the same physical library. Once loaded, libraries remain in memory until the application terminates. You can attempt to unload a library using unload() , but if other instances of QLibrary are using the same library, the call will fail, and unloading will only happen when every instance has called unload() .

A typical use of QLibrary is to resolve an exported symbol in a library, and to call the C function that this symbol represents. This is called “explicit linking” in contrast to “implicit linking”, which is done by the link step in the build process when linking an executable against a library.

The following code snippet loads a library, resolves the symbol “mysymbol”, and calls the function if everything succeeded. If something goes wrong, e.g. the library file does not exist or the symbol is not defined, the function pointer will be None and won’t be called.

myLib = QLibrary("mylib")
void = typedef(MyPrototype)()
myFunction = (MyPrototype) myLib.resolve("mysymbol")
if myFunction:
    myFunction()

The symbol must be exported as a C function from the library for resolve() to work. This means that the function must be wrapped in an extern "C" block if the library is compiled with a C++ compiler. On Windows, this also requires the use of a dllexport macro; see resolve() for the details of how this is done. For convenience, there is a static resolve() function which you can use if you just want to call a function in a library without explicitly loading the library first:

void = typedef(MyPrototype)()
myFunction =
        (MyPrototype) QLibrary.resolve("mylib", "mysymbol")
if myFunction:
    myFunction()

See also

QPluginLoader

class PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary([parent=None])

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary(fileName[, parent=None])

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary(fileName, version[, parent=None])

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary(fileName, verNum[, parent=None])

Parameters

Constructs a library with the given parent.

Constructs a library object with the given parent that will load the library specified by fileName.

We recommend omitting the file’s suffix in fileName, since QLibrary will automatically look for the file with the appropriate suffix in accordance with the platform, e.g. “.so” on Unix, “.dylib” on macOS and iOS, and “.dll” on Windows. (See fileName .)

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.LoadHint

This enum describes the possible hints that can be used to change the way libraries are handled when they are loaded. These values indicate how symbols are resolved when libraries are loaded, and are specified using the setLoadHints() function.

Constant

Description

QLibrary.ResolveAllSymbolsHint

Causes all symbols in a library to be resolved when it is loaded, not simply when resolve() is called.

QLibrary.ExportExternalSymbolsHint

Exports unresolved and external symbols in the library so that they can be resolved in other dynamically-loaded libraries loaded later.

QLibrary.LoadArchiveMemberHint

Allows the file name of the library to specify a particular object file within an archive file. If this hint is given, the filename of the library consists of a path, which is a reference to an archive file, followed by a reference to the archive member.

QLibrary.PreventUnloadHint

Prevents the library from being unloaded from the address space if close() is called. The library’s static variables are not reinitialized if open() is called at a later time.

QLibrary.DeepBindHint

Instructs the linker to prefer definitions in the loaded library over exported definitions in the loading application when resolving external symbols in the loaded library. This option is only supported on Linux.

See also

loadHints

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.LoadStatusTag
PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.errorString()
Return type

str

Returns a text string with the description of the last error that occurred. Currently, will only be set if load() , unload() or resolve() for some reason fails.

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.fileName()
Return type

str

See also

setFileName()

static PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.isLibrary(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – str

Return type

bool

Returns true if fileName has a valid suffix for a loadable library; otherwise returns false.

Platform

Valid suffixes

Windows

.dll, .DLL

Unix/Linux

.so

AIX

.a

HP-UX

.sl, .so (HP-UXi)

macOS and iOS

.dylib, .bundle, .so

Trailing versioning numbers on Unix are ignored.

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.isLoaded()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the library is loaded; otherwise returns false.

See also

load()

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.load()
Return type

bool

Loads the library and returns true if the library was loaded successfully; otherwise returns false. Since resolve() always calls this function before resolving any symbols it is not necessary to call it explicitly. In some situations you might want the library loaded in advance, in which case you would use this function.

See also

unload()

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.loadHints()
Return type

LoadHints

See also

setLoadHints()

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.setFileName(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – str

See also

fileName()

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.setFileNameAndVersion(fileName, version)
Parameters
  • fileName – str

  • version – str

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.setFileNameAndVersion(fileName, verNum)
Parameters
  • fileName – str

  • verNum – int

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.setLoadHints(hints)
Parameters

hintsLoadHints

See also

loadHints()

PySide6.QtCore.QLibrary.unload()
Return type

bool

Unloads the library and returns true if the library could be unloaded; otherwise returns false.

This happens automatically on application termination, so you shouldn’t normally need to call this function.

If other instances of QLibrary are using the same library, the call will fail, and unloading will only happen when every instance has called .

Note that on Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther), dynamic libraries cannot be unloaded.

See also

resolve() load()