QMimeData

The QMimeData class provides a container for data that records information about its MIME type. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData

Synopsis

Functions

Virtual functions

Detailed Description

QMimeData is used to describe information that can be stored in the clipboard , and transferred via the drag and drop mechanism. QMimeData objects associate the data that they hold with the corresponding MIME types to ensure that information can be safely transferred between applications, and copied around within the same application.

QMimeData objects are usually created using new and supplied to QDrag or QClipboard objects. This is to enable Qt to manage the memory that they use.

A single QMimeData object can store the same data using several different formats at the same time. The formats() function returns a list of the available formats in order of preference. The data() function returns the raw data associated with a MIME type, and setData() allows you to set the data for a MIME type.

For the most common MIME types, QMimeData provides convenience functions to access the data:

Tester

Getter

Setter

MIME Types

hasText()

text()

setText()

text/plain

hasHtml()

html()

setHtml()

text/html

hasUrls()

urls()

setUrls()

text/uri-list

hasImage()

imageData()

setImageData()

image/ *

hasColor()

colorData()

setColorData()

application/x-color

For example, if your write a widget that accepts URL drags, you would end up writing code like this:

def dragEnterEvent(self, event):

    if event.mimeData().hasUrls():
        event.acceptProposedAction()

def dropEvent(self, event):

    if event.mimeData().hasUrls():
        for url in event.mimeData().urls():
            ...

There are three approaches for storing custom data in a QMimeData object:

  1. Custom data can be stored directly in a QMimeData object as a QByteArray using setData() . For example:

    csvData = ...
    mimeData = QMimeData()
    mimeData.setData("text/csv", csvData)
    
  2. We can subclass QMimeData and reimplement hasFormat() , formats() , and retrieveData() .

  3. If the drag and drop operation occurs within a single application, we can subclass QMimeData and add extra data in it, and use a qobject_cast() in the receiver’s drop event handler. For example:

    def dropEvent(self, event):
    
        myData =
                MyMimeData (event.mimeData())
        if myData:
            # access myData's data directly (not through QMimeData's API)
    

Platform-Specific MIME Types

On Windows, formats() will also return custom formats available in the MIME data, using the x-qt-windows-mime subtype to indicate that they represent data in non-standard formats. The formats will take the following form:

application/x-qt-windows-mime;value="<custom type>"

The following are examples of custom MIME types:

application/x-qt-windows-mime;value="FileGroupDescriptor"
application/x-qt-windows-mime;value="FileContents"

The value declaration of each format describes the way in which the data is encoded.

In some cases (e.g. dropping multiple email attachments), multiple data values are available. They can be accessed by adding an index value:

application/x-qt-windows-mime;value="FileContents";index=0
application/x-qt-windows-mime;value="FileContents";index=1

On Windows, the MIME format does not always map directly to the clipboard formats. Qt provides QWinMime to map clipboard formats to open-standard MIME formats. Similarly, the QMacPasteboardMime maps MIME to Mac flavors.

See also

QClipboard QDragEnterEvent QDragMoveEvent QDropEvent QDrag Drag and Drop

class PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData

Constructs a new MIME data object with no data in it.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.clear()

Removes all the MIME type and data entries in the object.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.colorData()
Return type

object

Returns a color if the data stored in the object represents a color (MIME type application/x-color); otherwise returns a null variant.

A QVariant is used because QMimeData belongs to the Qt Core module, whereas QColor belongs to Qt GUI. To convert the QVariant to a QColor , simply use qvariant_cast() . For example:

if event.mimeData().hasColor():
    color = qvariant_cast<QColor>(event.mimeData().colorData())
    ...
PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.data(mimetype)
Parameters

mimetype – str

Return type

PySide6.QtCore.QByteArray

Returns the data stored in the object in the format described by the MIME type specified by mimeType.

See also

setData()

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.formats()
Return type

list of strings

Returns a list of formats supported by the object. This is a list of MIME types for which the object can return suitable data. The formats in the list are in a priority order.

For the most common types of data, you can call the higher-level functions hasText() , hasHtml() , hasUrls() , hasImage() , and hasColor() instead.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.hasColor()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the object can return a color (MIME type application/x-color); otherwise returns false.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.hasFormat(mimetype)
Parameters

mimetype – str

Return type

bool

Returns true if the object can return data for the MIME type specified by mimeType; otherwise returns false.

For the most common types of data, you can call the higher-level functions hasText() , hasHtml() , hasUrls() , hasImage() , and hasColor() instead.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.hasHtml()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the object can return HTML (MIME type text/html); otherwise returns false.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.hasImage()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the object can return an image; otherwise returns false.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.hasText()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the object can return plain text (MIME type text/plain); otherwise returns false.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.hasUrls()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the object can return a list of urls; otherwise returns false.

URLs correspond to the MIME type text/uri-list.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.html()
Return type

str

Returns a string if the data stored in the object is HTML (MIME type text/html); otherwise returns an empty string.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.imageData()
Return type

object

Returns a QVariant storing a QImage if the object can return an image; otherwise returns a null variant.

A QVariant is used because QMimeData belongs to the Qt Core module, whereas QImage belongs to Qt GUI. To convert the QVariant to a QImage , simply use qvariant_cast() . For example:

if event.mimeData().hasImage():
    image = qvariant_cast<QImage>(event.mimeData().imageData())
    ...
PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.removeFormat(mimetype)
Parameters

mimetype – str

Removes the data entry for mimeType in the object.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.retrieveData(mimetype, preferredType)
Parameters
Return type

object

Returns a variant with the given type containing data for the MIME type specified by mimeType. If the object does not support the MIME type or variant type given, a null variant is returned instead.

This function is called by the general data() getter and by the convenience getters ( text() , html() , urls() , imageData() , and colorData() ). You can reimplement it if you want to store your data using a custom data structure (instead of a QByteArray , which is what setData() provides). You would then also need to reimplement hasFormat() and formats() .

See also

data()

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.setColorData(color)
Parameters

color – object

Sets the color data in the object to the given color.

Colors correspond to the MIME type application/x-color.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.setData(mimetype, data)
Parameters

Sets the data associated with the MIME type given by mimeType to the specified data.

For the most common types of data, you can call the higher-level functions setText() , setHtml() , setUrls() , setImageData() , and setColorData() instead.

Note that if you want to use a custom data type in an item view drag and drop operation, you must register it as a Qt meta type , using the Q_DECLARE_METATYPE() macro, and implement stream operators for it.

See also

data() hasFormat() QMetaType Q_DECLARE_METATYPE()

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.setHtml(html)
Parameters

html – str

Sets html as the HTML (MIME type text/html) used to represent the data.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.setImageData(image)
Parameters

image – object

Sets the data in the object to the given image.

A QVariant is used because QMimeData belongs to the Qt Core module, whereas QImage belongs to Qt GUI. The conversion from QImage to QVariant is implicit. For example:

mimeData.setImageData(QImage("beautifulfjord.png"))
PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.setText(text)
Parameters

text – str

Sets text as the plain text (MIME type text/plain) used to represent the data.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.setUrls(urls)
Parameters

urls

Sets the URLs stored in the MIME data object to those specified by urls.

URLs correspond to the MIME type text/uri-list.

Since Qt 5.0, also exports the urls as plain text, if setText was not called before, to make it possible to drop them into any lineedit and text editor.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.text()
Return type

str

Returns a plain text (MIME type text/plain) representation of the data.

PySide6.QtCore.QMimeData.urls()
Return type

Returns a list of URLs contained within the MIME data object.

URLs correspond to the MIME type text/uri-list.