QQuickWindow

The QQuickWindow class provides the window for displaying a graphical QML scene. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow

Inherited by: QQuickView

Detailed Description

QQuickWindow provides the graphical scene management needed to interact with and display a scene of QQuickItems.

A QQuickWindow always has a single invisible root item. To add items to this window, reparent the items to the root item or to an existing item in the scene.

For easily displaying a scene from a QML file, see QQuickView .

Rendering

QQuickWindow uses a scene graph to represent what needs to be rendered. This scene graph is disconnected from the QML scene and potentially lives in another thread, depending on the platform implementation. Since the rendering scene graph lives independently from the QML scene, it can also be completely released without affecting the state of the QML scene.

The sceneGraphInitialized() signal is emitted on the rendering thread before the QML scene is rendered to the screen for the first time. If the rendering scene graph has been released, the signal will be emitted again before the next frame is rendered. A visible, on-screen QQuickWindow is driven internally by a render loop, of which there are multiple implementations provided in the scene graph. For details on the scene graph rendering process, see Qt Quick Scene Graph .

By default, a QQuickWindow renders using an accelerated 3D graphics API, such as OpenGL or Vulkan. See Scene Graph Adaptations for a detailed overview of scene graph backends and the supported graphics APIs.

Warning

It is crucial that graphics operations and interaction with the scene graph happens exclusively on the rendering thread, primarily during the updatePaintNode() phase.

Warning

As many of the signals related to rendering are emitted from the rendering thread, connections should be made using DirectConnection .

Integration with Accelerated 3D Graphics APIs

It is possible to integrate OpenGL, Vulkan, Metal, or Direct3D 11 calls directly into the QQuickWindow , as long as the QQuickWindow and the underlying scene graph is rendering using the same API. To access native graphics objects, such as device or context object handles, use QSGRendererInterface . An instance of QSGRendererInterface is queriable from QQuickWindow by calling rendererInterface() . The enablers for this integration are the beforeRendering() , beforeRenderPassRecording() , afterRenderPassRecording() , and related signals. These allow rendering underlays or overlays. Alternatively, QSGOpenGLTexture , QSGVulkanTexture , and other similar classes allow wrapping an existing native texture or image object in a QSGTexture that can then be used with the scene graph.

Rendering without Acceleration

A limited, pure software based rendering path is available as well. With the software backend, a number of Qt Quick features are not available, QML items relying on these will not be rendered at all. At the same time, this allows QQuickWindow to be functional even on systems where there is no 3D graphics API available at all. See Qt Quick Software Adaptation for more details.

Redirected Rendering

A QQuickWindow is not necessarily backed by a native window on screen. The rendering can be redirected to target a custom render target, such as a given native texture. This is achieved in combination with the QQuickRenderControl class, and functions such as setRenderTarget() , setGraphicsDevice() , and setGraphicsConfiguration() .

In this case, the QQuickWindow represents the scene, and provides the intrastructure for rendering a frame. It will not be backed by a render loop and a native window. Instead, in this case the application drives rendering, effectively substituting for the render loops. This allows generating image sequences, rendering into textures for use in external 3D engines, or rendering Qt Quick content within a VR environment.

Resource Management

QML will try to cache images and scene graph nodes to improve performance, but in some low-memory scenarios it might be required to aggressively release these resources. The releaseResources() function can be used to force the clean up of certain resources, especially resource that are cached and can be recreated later when needed again.

Additionally, calling releaseResources() may result in releasing the entire scene graph and the associated graphics resources. The sceneGraphInvalidated() signal will be emitted when this happens. This behavior is controlled by the setPersistentGraphics() and setPersistentSceneGraph() functions.

Note

All classes with QSG prefix should be used solely on the scene graph’s rendering thread. See Scene Graph and Rendering for more information.

Exposure and Visibility

When a QQuickWindow instance is deliberately hidden with hide() or setVisible (false), it will stop rendering and its scene graph and graphics context might be released as well. This depends on the settings configured by setPersistentGraphics() and setPersistentSceneGraph() . The behavior in this respect is identical to explicitly calling the releaseResources() function. A window can become not exposed, in other words non-renderable, by other means as well. This depends on the platform and windowing system. For example, on Windows minimizing a window makes it stop rendering. On macOS fully obscuring a window by other windows on top triggers the same. On Linux/X11, the behavior is dependent on the window manager.

OpenGL Context and Surface Formats

While it is possible to specify a QSurfaceFormat for every QQuickWindow by calling the member function setFormat() , windows may also be created from QML by using the Window and ApplicationWindow elements. In this case there is no C++ code involved in the creation of the window instance, yet applications may still wish to set certain surface format values, for example to request a given OpenGL version or profile. Such applications can call the static function setDefaultFormat() at startup. The specified format will be used for all Quick windows created afterwards.

Vulkan Instance

When using Vulkan, a QQuickWindow is automatically associated with a QVulkanInstance that is created and managed internally by the scene graph. This way most applications do not need to worry about having a VkInstance available since it all happens automatically. In advanced cases an application may wish to create its own QVulkanInstance , in order to configure it in a specific way. That is possible as well. Calling setVulkanInstance() on the QQuickWindow right after construction, before making it visible, leads to using the application-supplied QVulkanInstance (and the underlying VkInstance). When redirecting via QQuickRenderControl , there is no QVulkanInstance provided automatically, but rather the application is expected to provide its own and associate it with the QQuickWindow .

Graphics Contexts and Devices

When the scene graph is initialized, which typically happens when the window becomes exposed or, in case of redirected rendering, initialization is performed via QQuickRenderControl , the context or device objects necessary for rendering are created automatically. This includes OpenGL contexts, Direct3D devices and device contexts, Vulkan and Metal devices. These are also queriable by application code afterwards via QSGRendererInterface . When using the basic render loop, which performs all rendering on the GUI thread, the same context or device is used with all visible QQuickWindows. The threaded render loop uses a dedicated context or device object for each rendering thread, and so for each QQuickWindow . With some graphics APIs, there is a degree of customizability provided via setGraphicsConfiguration() . This makes it possible, for example, to specify the list of Vulkan extensions to enable on the VkDevice. Alternatively, it is also possible to provide a set of existing context or device objects for use by the QQuickWindow , instead of letting it construct its own. This is achieved through setGraphicsDevice() .

See also

QQuickView QQuickRenderControl QQuickRenderTarget QQuickGraphicsDevice QQuickGraphicsConfiguration QSGRendererInterface

class PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow(renderControl)

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow([parent=None])

Parameters

Constructs a window for displaying a QML scene with parent window parent.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.CreateTextureOption

The enums are used to customize a texture is wrapped.

Constant

Description

QQuickWindow.TextureHasAlphaChannel

The texture has an alpha channel and should be drawn using blending.

QQuickWindow.TextureHasMipmaps

The texture has mipmaps and can be drawn with mipmapping enabled.

QQuickWindow.TextureOwnsGLTexture

As of Qt 6.0, this flag is not used in practice and is ignored. Native graphics resource ownership is not transferable to the wrapping QSGTexture , because Qt Quick may not have the necessary details on how such an object and the associated memory should be freed.

QQuickWindow.TextureCanUseAtlas

The image can be uploaded into a texture atlas.

QQuickWindow.TextureIsOpaque

The texture will return false for hasAlphaChannel() and will not be blended. This flag was added in Qt 5.6.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.RenderStage

Constant

Description

QQuickWindow.BeforeSynchronizingStage

Before synchronization.

QQuickWindow.AfterSynchronizingStage

After synchronization.

QQuickWindow.BeforeRenderingStage

Before rendering.

QQuickWindow.AfterRenderingStage

After rendering.

QQuickWindow.AfterSwapStage

After the frame is swapped.

QQuickWindow.NoStage

As soon as possible. This value was added in Qt 5.6.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.SceneGraphError

This enum describes the error in a sceneGraphError() signal.

Constant

Description

QQuickWindow.ContextNotAvailable

graphics context creation failed. This typically means that no suitable OpenGL implementation was found, for example because no graphics drivers are installed and so no OpenGL 2 support is present. On mobile and embedded boards that use OpenGL ES such an error is likely to indicate issues in the windowing system integration and possibly an incorrect configuration of Qt.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.TextRenderType

This enum describes the default render type of text-like elements in Qt Quick ( Text , TextInput , etc.).

Select if you prefer text to look native on the target platform and do not require advanced features such as transformation of the text. Using such features in combination with the render type will lend poor and sometimes pixelated results.

Constant

Description

QQuickWindow.QtTextRendering

Use Qt’s own rasterization algorithm.

QQuickWindow.NativeTextRendering

Use the operating system’s native rasterizer for text.

New in version 5.10.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.activeFocusItem()
Return type

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickItem

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.activeFocusItemChanged()
PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.afterAnimating()

This signal is emitted on the GUI thread before requesting the render thread to perform the synchronization of the scene graph.

Unlike the other similar signals, this one is emitted on the GUI thread instead of the render thread. It can be used to synchronize external animation systems with the QML content. At the same time this means that this signal is not suitable for triggering graphics operations.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.afterFrameEnd()

This signal is emitted when the scene graph has submitted a frame. This is emitted after all other related signals, such as afterRendering() . It is the last signal that is emitted by the scene graph rendering thread when rendering a frame.

Note

Unlike frameSwapped() , this signal is guaranteed to be emitted also when the Qt Quick output is redirected via QQuickRenderControl .

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

See also

beforeFrameBegin() rendererInterface()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.afterRenderPassRecording()

This signal is emitted after the scenegraph has recorded the commands for its main render pass, but the pass is not yet finalized on the command buffer.

This signal is emitted earlier than afterRendering() , and it guarantees that not just the frame but also the recording of the scenegraph’s main render pass is still active. This allows inserting commands without having to generate an entire, separate render pass (which would typically clear the attached images). The native graphics objects can be queried via QSGRendererInterface .

Note

Resource updates (uploads, copies) typically cannot be enqueued from within a render pass. Therefore, more complex user rendering will need to connect to both beforeRendering() and this signal.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

See also

rendererInterface()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.afterRendering()

The signal is emitted after scene graph has added its commands to the command buffer, which is not yet submitted to the graphics queue. If desired, the slot function connected to this signal can query native resources, like the command buffer, before via QSGRendererInterface . Note however that the render pass (or passes) are already recorded at this point and it is not possible to add more commands within the scenegraph’s pass. Instead, use afterRenderPassRecording() for that. This signal has therefore limited use in Qt 6, unlike in Qt 5. Rather, it is the combination of beforeRendering() and beforeRenderPassRecording() , or beforeRendering() and afterRenderPassRecording() , that is typically used to achieve under- or overlaying of the custom rendering.

When using OpenGL, the QOpenGLContext used for rendering by the scene graph will be bound at this point.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

Warning

When using OpenGL, be aware that setting OpenGL 3.x or 4.x specific states and leaving these enabled or set to non-default values when returning from the connected slot can interfere with the scene graph’s rendering.

See also

rendererInterface() Scene Graph - OpenGL Under QML Scene Graph - Metal Under QML Scene Graph - Vulkan Under QML Scene Graph - Direct3D 11 Under QML

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.afterSynchronizing()

This signal is emitted after the scene graph is synchronized with the QML state.

This signal can be used to do preparation required after calls to updatePaintNode() , while the GUI thread is still locked.

When using OpenGL, the QOpenGLContext used for rendering by the scene graph will be bound at this point.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

Warning

When using OpenGL, be aware that setting OpenGL 3.x or 4.x specific states and leaving these enabled or set to non-default values when returning from the connected slot can interfere with the scene graph’s rendering.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.beforeFrameBegin()

This signal is emitted before the scene graph starts preparing the frame. This precedes signals like beforeSynchronizing() or beforeRendering() . It is the earliest signal that is emitted by the scene graph rendering thread when starting to prepare a new frame.

This signal is relevant for lower level graphics frameworks that need to execute certain operations, such as resource cleanup, at a stage where Qt Quick has not initiated the recording of a new frame via the underlying rendering hardware interface APIs.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

See also

afterFrameEnd() rendererInterface()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.beforeRenderPassRecording()

This signal is emitted before the scenegraph starts recording commands for the main render pass. (Layers have their own passes and are fully recorded by the time this signal is emitted.) The render pass is already active on the command buffer when the signal is emitted.

This signal is emitted later than beforeRendering() and it guarantees that not just the frame, but also the recording of the scenegraph’s main render pass is active. This allows inserting commands without having to generate an entire, separate render pass (which would typically clear the attached images). The native graphics objects can be queried via QSGRendererInterface .

Note

Resource updates (uploads, copies) typically cannot be enqueued from within a render pass. Therefore, more complex user rendering will need to connect to both beforeRendering() and this signal.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

See also

rendererInterface()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.beforeRendering()

This signal is emitted after the preparations for the frame have been done, meaning there is a command buffer in recording mode, where applicable. If desired, the slot function connected to this signal can query native resources like the command before via QSGRendererInterface . Note however that the recording of the main render pass is not yet started at this point and it is not possible to add commands within that pass. Starting a pass means clearing the color, depth, and stencil buffers so it is not possible to achieve an underlay type of rendering by just connecting to this signal. Rather, connect to beforeRenderPassRecording() . However, connecting to this signal is still important if the recording of copy type of commands is desired since those cannot be enqueued within a render pass.

When using OpenGL, the QOpenGLContext used for rendering by the scene graph will be bound at this point.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

Warning

When using OpenGL, be aware that setting OpenGL 3.x or 4.x specific states and leaving these enabled or set to non-default values when returning from the connected slot can interfere with the scene graph’s rendering.

See also

rendererInterface() Scene Graph - OpenGL Under QML Scene Graph - Metal Under QML Scene Graph - Vulkan Under QML Scene Graph - Direct3D 11 Under QML

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.beforeSynchronizing()

This signal is emitted before the scene graph is synchronized with the QML state.

Even though the signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread, the GUI thread is guaranteed to be blocked, like it is in updatePaintNode() . Therefore, it is safe to access GUI thread thread data in a slot or lambda that is connected with DirectConnection .

This signal can be used to do any preparation required before calls to updatePaintNode() .

When using OpenGL, the QOpenGLContext used for rendering by the scene graph will be bound at this point.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

Warning

When using OpenGL, be aware that setting OpenGL 3.x or 4.x specific states and leaving these enabled or set to non-default values when returning from the connected slot can interfere with the scene graph’s rendering.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.beginExternalCommands()

When mixing raw graphics (OpenGL, Vulkan, Metal, etc.) commands with scene graph rendering, it is necessary to call this function before recording commands to the command buffer used by the scene graph to render its main render pass. This is to avoid clobbering state.

In practice this function is often called from a slot connected to the beforeRenderPassRecording() or afterRenderPassRecording() signals.

The function does not need to be called when recording commands to the application’s own command buffer (such as, a VkCommandBuffer or MTLCommandBuffer + MTLRenderCommandEncoder created and managed by the application, not retrieved from the scene graph). With graphics APIs where no native command buffer concept is exposed (OpenGL, Direct 3D 11), and endExternalCommands() together provide a replacement for the Qt 5 resetOpenGLState() function.

Calling this function and endExternalCommands() is not necessary within the render() implementation of a QSGRenderNode because the scene graph performs the necessary steps implicitly for render nodes.

Native graphics objects (such as, graphics device, command buffer or encoder) are accessible via getResource() .

Warning

Watch out for the fact that CommandListResource may return a different object between - endExternalCommands() . This can happen when the underlying implementation provides a dedicated secondary command buffer for recording external graphics commands within a render pass. Therefore, always query CommandListResource after calling this function. Do not attempt to reuse an object from an earlier query.

Note

When the scenegraph is using OpenGL, pay attention to the fact that the OpenGL state in the context can have arbitrary settings, and this function does not perform any resetting of the state back to defaults.

See also

endExternalCommands() resetOpenGLState()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.color()
Return type

PySide6.QtGui.QColor

See also

setColor()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.colorChanged(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1PySide6.QtGui.QColor

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.contentItem()
Return type

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickItem

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.createTextureFromImage(image)
Parameters

imagePySide6.QtGui.QImage

Return type

PySide6.QtQuick.QSGTexture

This is an overloaded function.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.createTextureFromImage(image, options)
Parameters
Return type

PySide6.QtQuick.QSGTexture

Creates a new QSGTexture from the supplied image. If the image has an alpha channel, the corresponding texture will have an alpha channel.

The caller of the function is responsible for deleting the returned texture. The underlying native texture object is then destroyed together with the QSGTexture .

When options contains TextureCanUseAtlas , the engine may put the image into a texture atlas. Textures in an atlas need to rely on normalizedTextureSubRect() for their geometry and will not support Repeat . Other values from CreateTextureOption are ignored.

When options contains TextureIsOpaque , the engine will create an RGB texture which returns false for hasAlphaChannel() . Opaque textures will in most cases be faster to render. When this flag is not set, the texture will have an alpha channel based on the image’s format.

When options contains TextureHasMipmaps , the engine will create a texture which can use mipmap filtering. Mipmapped textures can not be in an atlas.

When the scene graph uses OpenGL, the returned texture will be using GL_TEXTURE_2D as texture target and GL_RGBA as internal format. With other graphics APIs, the texture format is typically RGBA8. Reimplement QSGTexture to create textures with different parameters.

Warning

This function will return 0 if the scene graph has not yet been initialized.

Warning

The returned texture is not memory managed by the scene graph and must be explicitly deleted by the caller on the rendering thread. This is achieved by deleting the texture from a QSGNode destructor or by using deleteLater() in the case where the texture already has affinity to the rendering thread.

This function can be called from any thread.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.effectiveDevicePixelRatio()
Return type

float

Returns the device pixel ratio for this window.

This is different from devicePixelRatio() in that it supports redirected rendering via QQuickRenderControl . When using a QQuickRenderControl , the QQuickWindow is often not created, meaning it is never shown and there is no underlying native window created in the windowing system. As a result, querying properties like the device pixel ratio cannot give correct results. Use this function instead.

See also

devicePixelRatio()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.endExternalCommands()

When mixing raw graphics (OpenGL, Vulkan, Metal, etc.) commands with scene graph rendering, it is necessary to call this function after recording commands to the command buffer used by the scene graph to render its main render pass. This is to avoid clobbering state.

In practice this function is often called from a slot connected to the beforeRenderPassRecording() or afterRenderPassRecording() signals.

The function does not need to be called when recording commands to the application’s own command buffer (such as, a VkCommandBuffer or MTLCommandBuffer + MTLRenderCommandEncoder created and managed by the application, not retrieved from the scene graph). With graphics APIs where no native command buffer concept is exposed (OpenGL, Direct 3D 11), beginExternalCommands() and together provide a replacement for the Qt 5 resetOpenGLState() function.

Calling this function and beginExternalCommands() is not necessary within the render() implementation of a QSGRenderNode because the scene graph performs the necessary steps implicitly for render nodes.

See also

beginExternalCommands() resetOpenGLState()

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.frameSwapped()

This signal is emitted when a frame has been queued for presenting. With vertical synchronization enabled the signal is emitted at most once per vsync interval in a continuously animating scene.

This signal will be emitted from the scene graph rendering thread.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.grabWindow()
Return type

PySide6.QtGui.QImage

Grabs the contents of the window and returns it as an image.

It is possible to call the function when the window is not visible. This requires that the window is created and has a valid size and that no other QQuickWindow instances are rendering in the same process.

Note

When using this window in combination with QQuickRenderControl , the result of this function is an empty image, unless the software backend is in use. This is because when redirecting the output to an application-managed graphics resource (such as, a texture) by using QQuickRenderControl and setRenderTarget() , the application is better suited for managing and executing an eventual read back operation, since it is in full control of the resource to begin with.

Warning

Calling this function will cause performance problems.

Warning

This function can only be called from the GUI thread.

static PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.hasDefaultAlphaBuffer()
Return type

bool

Returns whether to use alpha transparency on newly created windows.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.incubationController()
Return type

PySide6.QtQml.QQmlIncubationController

Returns an incubation controller that splices incubation between frames for this window. QQuickView automatically installs this controller for you, otherwise you will need to install it yourself using QQmlEngine::setIncubationController().

The controller is owned by the window and will be destroyed when the window is deleted.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.isPersistentGraphics()
Return type

bool

Returns whether essential graphics resources can be released during the lifetime of the QQuickWindow .

Note

This is a hint, and is not guaranteed that it is taken into account.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.isPersistentSceneGraph()
Return type

bool

Returns whether the scene graph nodes and resources can be released during the lifetime of this QQuickWindow .

Note

This is a hint. When and how this happens is implementation specific.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.isSceneGraphInitialized()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the scene graph has been initialized; otherwise returns false.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.mouseGrabberItem()
Return type

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickItem

Use exclusiveGrabber() Returns the item which currently has the mouse grab.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.paletteChanged()
PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.paletteCreated()
PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.releaseResources()

This function tries to release redundant resources currently held by the QML scene.

Calling this function requests the scene graph to release cached graphics resources, such as graphics pipeline objects or shader programs.

Note

The releasing of cached graphics resources is not dependent on the hint from setPersistentGraphics() .

Additionally, depending on the render loop in use, this function may also result in the scene graph and all rendering resources to be released. If this happens, the sceneGraphInvalidated() signal will be emitted, allowing users to clean up their own graphics resources. The setPersistentGraphics() and setPersistentSceneGraph() functions can be used to prevent this from happening, if handling the cleanup is not feasible in the application, at the cost of higher memory usage.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.sceneGraphAboutToStop()

This signal is emitted on the render thread when the scene graph is about to stop rendering. This happens usually because the window has been hidden.

Applications may use this signal to release resources, but should be prepared to reinstantiated them again fast. The scene graph and the graphics context are not released at this time.

Warning

This signal is emitted from the scene graph rendering thread. If your slot function needs to finish before execution continues, you must make sure that the connection is direct (see ConnectionType ).

Warning

Make very sure that a signal handler for leaves the graphics context in the same state as it was when the signal handler was entered. Failing to do so can result in the scene not rendering properly.

static PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.sceneGraphBackend()
Return type

str

Returns the requested Qt Quick scenegraph backend.

Note

The return value of this function may still be outdated by subsequent calls to setSceneGraphBackend() until the first QQuickWindow in the application has been constructed.

Note

The value only reflects the request in the QT_QUICK_BACKEND environment variable after a QQuickWindow has been constructed.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.sceneGraphError(error, message)
Parameters

This signal is emitted when an error occurred during scene graph initialization.

Applications should connect to this signal if they wish to handle errors, like graphics context creation failures, in a custom way. When no slot is connected to the signal, the behavior will be different: Quick will print the message, or show a message box, and terminate the application.

This signal will be emitted from the GUI thread.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.sceneGraphInitialized()

This signal is emitted when the scene graph has been initialized.

This signal will be emitted from the scene graph rendering thread.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.sceneGraphInvalidated()

This signal is emitted when the scene graph has been invalidated.

This signal implies that the graphics rendering context used has been invalidated and all user resources tied to that context should be released.

When rendering with OpenGL, the QOpenGLContext of this window will be bound when this function is called. The only exception is if the native OpenGL has been destroyed outside Qt’s control, for instance through EGL_CONTEXT_LOST.

This signal will be emitted from the scene graph rendering thread.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.scheduleRenderJob(job, schedule)
Parameters

Schedules job to run when the rendering of this window reaches the given stage.

This is a convenience to the equivalent signals in QQuickWindow for “one shot” tasks.

The window takes ownership over job and will delete it when the job is completed.

If rendering is shut down before job has a chance to run, the job will be run and then deleted as part of the scene graph cleanup. If the window is never shown and no rendering happens before the QQuickWindow is destroyed, all pending jobs will be destroyed without their run() method being called.

If the rendering is happening on a different thread, then the job will happen on the rendering thread.

If stage is NoStage , job will be run at the earliest opportunity whenever the render thread is not busy rendering a frame. If the window is not exposed, and is not renderable, at the time the job is either posted or handled, the job is deleted without executing the run() method. If a non-threaded renderer is in use, the run() method of the job is executed synchronously. When rendering with OpenGL, the OpenGL context is changed to the renderer’s context before executing any job, including NoStage jobs.

Note

This function does not trigger rendering; the jobs targeting any other stage than NoStage will be stored run until rendering is triggered elsewhere. To force the job to run earlier, call update() ;

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.setColor(color)
Parameters

colorPySide6.QtGui.QColor

See also

color()

static PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.setDefaultAlphaBuffer(useAlpha)
Parameters

useAlpha – bool

useAlpha specifies whether to use alpha transparency on newly created windows.

In any application which expects to create translucent windows, it’s necessary to set this to true before creating the first QQuickWindow . The default value is false.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.setPersistentGraphics(persistent)
Parameters

persistent – bool

Sets whether the graphics resources (graphics device or context, swapchain, buffers, textures) should be preserved, and cannot be released until the last window is deleted, to persistent. The default value is true.

When calling releaseResources() , or when the window gets hidden (more specifically, not renderable), some render loops have the possibility to release all, not just the cached, graphics resources. This can free up memory temporarily, but it also means the rendering engine will have to do a full, potentially costly reinitialization of the resources when the window needs to render again.

Note

The rules for when a window is not renderable are platform and window manager specific.

Note

All graphics resources are released when the last QQuickWindow is deleted, regardless of this setting.

Note

This is a hint, and is not guaranteed that it is taken into account.

Note

This hint does not apply to cached resources, that are relatively cheap to drop and then recreate later. Therefore, calling releaseResources() will typically lead to releasing those regardless of the value of this hint.

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.setPersistentSceneGraph(persistent)
Parameters

persistent – bool

Sets whether the scene graph nodes and resources are persistent. Persistent means the nodes and resources cannot be released. The default value is true.

When calling releaseResources() , when the window gets hidden (more specifically, not renderable), some render loops have the possibility to release the scene graph nodes and related graphics resources. This frees up memory temporarily, but will also mean the scene graph has to be rebuilt when the window renders next time.

Note

The rules for when a window is not renderable are platform and window manager specific.

Note

The scene graph nodes and resources are always released when the last QQuickWindow is deleted, regardless of this setting.

Note

This is a hint, and is not guaranteed that it is taken into account.

static PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.setSceneGraphBackend(backend)
Parameters

backend – str

Requests a Qt Quick scenegraph backend. Backends can either be built-in or be installed in form of dynamically loaded plugins.

This is an overloaded function.

Note

The call to the function must happen before constructing the first QQuickWindow in the application. It cannot be changed afterwards.

If backend is invalid or an error occurs, the request is ignored.

Note

Calling this function is equivalent to setting the QT_QUICK_BACKEND or QMLSCENE_DEVICE environment variables. However, this API is safer to use in applications that spawn other processes as there is no need to worry about environment inheritance.

static PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.setTextRenderType(renderType)
Parameters

renderTypeTextRenderType

Sets the default render type of text-like elements in Qt Quick to renderType.

Note

setting the render type will only affect elements created afterwards; the render type of existing elements will not be modified.

See also

textRenderType()

static PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.textRenderType()
Return type

TextRenderType

Returns the render type of text-like elements in Qt Quick. The default is QtTextRendering .

PySide6.QtQuick.QQuickWindow.update()

Schedules the window to render another frame.

Calling differs from update() in that it always triggers a repaint, regardless of changes in the underlying scene graph or not.